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هما عزیزی پرویز رضوانی مقدم مهدی پارسا رضا خراسانی محمود شور

چکیده

گل حسرت گیاهی دارویی است که ماده مؤثره آن در درمان بیماری¬های التهابی نظیر نقرس کاربرد دارد. جهت بررسی تأثیر منابع کودی و وزن بنه مادری بر شاخص¬های مرتبط با عملکرد گل حسرت، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار و 16 تیمار در دو سال زراعی 1393-1391در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد انجام گرفت. تیمارها شامل: وزن بنه مادری (کمتر از 40 و بیشتر از 40 گرم)، کود گاوی (شاهد و 50 تن در هکتار)، کود نیتروژن (شاهد و 50 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و کود فسفر (شاهد و 25 کیلوگرم در هکتار) بودند. در سال اول آزمایش بیشتر بنه¬ها به دلیل تنش ناشی از انتقال بنه و عدم استقرار مناسب گیاه، گل ندادند. نتایج در سال دوم آزمایش نشان داد که تیمارهای آزمایش اثر معنی¬داری بر شاخص¬های مطالعه شده داشتند (05/0p≤). بنه¬های مادری بزرگتر، در پایان فصل رشد از عملکرد بیشتری برخوردار بودند. بیشترین تعداد گل، تعداد کپسول، تعداد و وزن خشک دانه مربوط به بنه¬های مادری بزرگ¬تر بود. با کاربرد کود گاوی، عملکرد بنه (7/225 گرم در متر مربع)، عملکرد بیولوژیک (1/293 گرم در متر مربع) و شاخص برداشت بنه (81/76 درصد) نسبت به شاهد افزایش یافت، ولی وزن هزار دانه (49/16 گرم) و شاخص برداشت بذر (536/5 درصد) در تیمار کود گاوی کاهش یافت. مصرف کود اوره به صورت منفرد اثر معنی¬داری بر شاخص¬های مطالعه شده نداشت. با کاربرد سوپرفسفات عملکرد بنه، عملکرد بیولوژیک، وزن خشک دانه، عملکرد و وزن هزار دانه افزایش یافت. کاربرد توأم کود گاوی و کود فسفره سبب افزایش عملکرد بنه شد. از آنجا که هم بنه و هم بذر این گیاه دارای مواد مؤثره دارویی است، می¬توان با مصرف بهینه و متعادل کود گاوی و فسفره به عملکرد مناسب دست یافت.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
عزیزیه., رضوانی مقدمپ., پارسام., خراسانیر., & شورم. (۱۳۹۷-۰۶-۰۵). تأثیر کودهای گاوی، نیتروژن، فسفر و وزن بنه بر شاخص¬های عملکرد گل حسرت (Colchicum kotschyi Boiss.). نشریه علوم باغبانی, 32(3), 359-370. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v31i4.44438
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