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علی تاج آبادی پور محمد رضا فتاحی مقدم ذبیح الله زمانی فاطمه نصیبی حسین حکم آبادی

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر ژنوتیپ پایه بر واکنش پسته رقم احمدآقایی نسبت به تنش یخ¬زدگی، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تکرار انجام شد. تیمارها در دو سطح: ژنوتیپ پایه (چهار ژنوتیپ متحمل و چهار ژنوتیپ حساس به سرما) و دما (2- و 4- درجه سانتی‌گراد) اجرا شد. در مرحله تمام گل، از شاخه‌های انتهایی رقم احمد آقایی پیوند شده روی این ژنوتیپ‌ها نمونهگیری شد. شاخه‌ها در گلدان‌های حاوی آب مقطر در دمای 2- و 4- درجه سانتی‌گراد به مدت دو ساعت قرار گرفتند. پس از اعمال تیمارها، شاخص سرمازدگی تعیین شد، ازخوشه‌های گل تیمار‌ها جهت اندازه‌گیری پارامترهای فیزیولوژیکی و بیوشیمیایی استفاده گردید. نتایج نشان داد شدت سرمازدگی در ژنوتیپ‌های پایه متحمل به سرما به‌طور معنی‌داری کمتر از ژنوتیپ‌های پایه حساس در دو دمای 2- و 4- درجه سانتی‌گراد می¬باشد. میزان نشت یونی، پراکسید‌هیدروژن، مالون‌دآلدهید در ژنوتیپ‌های پایه متحمل به سرما به‌طور معنی‌داری پایین‌تر از ژنوتیپ¬های حساس به سرما بود. میزان قندهای محلول، پروتئین کل، پرولین و فعالیت آنزیم‌های‌کاتالاز، آسکوربات‌پراکسیداز و گایاکول‌پراکسیداز در ژنوتیپ‌های پایه متحمل به سرما به‌طور معنی‌داری بیشتر از ژنوتیپ‌های پایه حساس به سرما بوده است. نتایج مربوط به اثر متقابل دما و ژنوتیپ نشان داد که دمای 4- درجه سانتی¬گراد باعث افزایش معنی‌دار نشت یونی، پرولین، پراکسید‌هیدروژن و مالون‌دآلدهید و کاهش فعالیت آنزیم‌های کاتالاز، آسکوربات‌پراکسیداز و گایاکول‌پراکسیداز نسبت به دمای 2- درجه سانتی‌گراد مخصوصا در پایه‌های حساس به سرما شد. با توجه به صفات مورد مطالعه، متحمل¬ترین ژنوتیپ‌ پایه به سرما TR1 بود.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
تاج آبادی پورع., فتاحی مقدمم. ر., زمانیذ. ا., نصیبیف., & حکم آبادیح. (۱۳۹۷-۰۶-۱۴). بررسی تغییرات فیزیولوژیکی و بیوشیمیایی پسته رقم احمدآقایی روی ژنوتیپ‌های پایه متحمل و حساس به سرما در شرایط تنش یخ¬زدگی. نشریه علوم باغبانی, 32(3), 471-484. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v32i3.69529
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