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محمد بهزاد امیری پرویز رضوانی مقدم محسن جهان

چکیده

به¬منظور بررسی اثر اصلاح¬کننده¬های خاک و کودهای بیولوژیک مختلف بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی و عملکرد گیاه دارویی گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum)، آزمایشی در سال¬های زراعی 92-1390 در دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در به¬صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل هفت نوع اصلاح¬کننده¬ی خاک و کود بیولوژیک مختلف از جمله: 1- اسید هیومیک، 2- اسید فولویک، 3- نیتروکسین (حاوی باکتری‌های Azotobacter spp. و Azospirillum spp.)، 4- بیوفسفر (حاوی باکتری‌های Bacillus sp. و Pseudomonas sp.)، 5- بیوسولفور (Thiobacillus spp.)، 6- میکوریزا (Glomus mosseae)، و 7- میکوریزا (Glomus intraradices) و عدم استفاده از کود به¬عنوان تیمار شاهد بودند. نتایج آزمایش نشان داد که هر دو گونه¬ میکوریزای مورد مطالعه منجر به افزایش عملکرد گل در مقایسه با شاهد شدند، به¬طوری¬که عملکرد گل در تیمارهای Glomus mosseae و Glomus intraradices به¬ترتیب 24 و 11 درصد بیشتر از شاهد بود. تمامی نهاده¬های اکولوژیک مورد مطالعه سبب افزایش تعداد چرخه¬ی گل در بوته در مقایسه با شاهد شدند، ولی اثر کود بیولوژیک بیوفسفر از این نظر به¬طور بارزتری نمایان شد، به-طوری¬که تعداد چرخه¬ی گل در بوته از 342 چرخه در بوته¬های تحت¬تیمار شاهد به 1322 چرخه در گیاهان تحت¬تیمار بیوفسفر افزایش یافت. بیشترین مقدار عملکرد دانه، عملکرد ماده¬ی خشک، وزن دانه در بوته و تعداد دانه در بوته در تیمار اسید هیومیک مشاهده شد، به¬طوری¬که در نتیجه¬ی کاربرد اسید هیومیک عملکرد دانه، عملکرد ماده¬ی خشک، وزن دانه در بوته و تعداد دانه در بوته به¬ترتیب 82، 66، 63 و 66 درصد نسبت به شاهد افزایش یافتند.

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ارجاع به مقاله
امیریم. ب., رضوانی مقدمپ., & جهانم. (2016). اثر اصلاح کننده های خاک و کودهای بیولوژیک بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیک و عملکرد گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum). علوم باغبانی, 31(1), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.34660
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی