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ناصر عباسپور لاوین بابائی علیرضا فرخزاد

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثرات تیمار اسید¬سالیسیلیک بر برخی ویژگی¬های مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکی دو رقم نهال انگور (رشه و بیدانه سفید)، تحت شرایط تنش خشکی، پژوهشی به صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام گرفت. دورهای آبیاری شامل آبیاری به فواصل هر 5 (شاهد)، 10 و 15روز یک بار و تیمارهای اسید¬سالیسیلیک شامل غلظت¬های صفر (شاهد)، 1 و 2 میلی مولار بود. نتایج نشان داد که با افزایش تنش خشکی،صفات ارتفاع نهال، قطرتنه، تعداد و سطح برگ و شاخص کلروفیل کاهش معنی¬داری نسبت به تیماردور آبیاری هر 5 روز یک بار (شاهد) پیدا کرد در حالی که میزان تجمع پرولین،قند¬های محلول، مالون دی آلدهید و پروتئین کل افزایش یافت. میزان ارتفاع نهال، قطرتنه، تعدادبرگ، میزان پرولین و پروتئین کل در رقم رشه بیشتر از رقم بیدانه سفید بود. محلول پاشی اسید¬سالیسیلیک با غلظت 2 میلی مولار موجب افزایش معنی¬دار صفات ارتفاع نهال، قطرتنه، تعداد و سطح برگ، شاخص کلروفیل، قندهای محلول و پروتئین کل و کاهش معنی دار میزان مالون دی آلدهید نسبت به تیمار اسید¬سالیسیلیک با غلظت صفر میلی مولار(شاهد)تحت شرایط تنش خشکی گردید. به طور کلی نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد که کاربرد اسید¬سالیسیلیک با غلظت 2 میلی مولار می¬تواند اثرات تنش خشکی بر رشد انگور را تعدیل کند و رقم رشه در مقایسه با رقم بیدانه سفید از تحمل بالاتری نسبت به تنش خشکی برخوردار است.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
عباسپورن., بابائیل., & فرخزادع. (2017). تاثیر کاربرد اسید سالیسیلیک بر برخی ویژگی های مورفولوژیکی و فیزیولوژیکی ارقام انگور (Vitis vinifera L.) تحت شرایط تنش خشکی. علوم باغبانی, 31(2), 269-280. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.50690
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی