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گون آی بغدادی مجید عزیزی , ناصر صداقت وحید روشن سروستانی حسین آرویی

چکیده

مهمترین هدف از انبارداری گیاهان دارویی حفظ مواد مؤثره آن می¬باشد. مدیریت انبار و ایجاد شرایط مناسب کمیت و کیفیت ماده مؤثره، قوه نامیه و بنیه بذر را از طریق کاهش سرعت زوال بذر، بمدت طولانی¬تر حفظ می¬کند. به منظور بررسی اثرات شرایط انبار (بسته¬بندی و دما) و زمان انبارمانی بر کیفیت بذور انبار شده زنیان آزمایش اسپلیت فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح بلوک¬های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار، در آزمایشگاه پژوهشی گروه علوم باغبانی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در سال 1392-93، به اجرا درآمد. دما (در دو سطح: 3 ±20 و 3 ±30)، نوع بسته¬بندی (در شش سطح: کاغذی، پلی اتیلنی، فویل آلومینیومی در شرایط خلأ، پلی اتیلن/پلی¬آمیدی در شرایط خلأ و پلی اتیلن/پلی¬آمید با ترکیب گازی (N298 درصد O2+2 درصد) و (N290 درصد O2+10 درصد) و دوره انبار (در 4سطح: صفر، سه، شش و نه ماه) بعنوان عامل فرعی در نظر گرفته شدند. تغییرات درصد اسانس، وزن و تغییرات گاز در درون بسته¬های با اتمسفر تغییر یافته و فاکتورهای مربوط به جوانه¬زنی بذرها (درصد جوانه¬زنی، سرعت جوانه¬زنی، متوسط زمان جوانه¬زنی، شاخص جوانه¬زنی) در طی 9 ماه انبارداری بررسی شدند. بر اساس نتایج بدست آمده، درصد اسانس و درصد جوانه¬زنی با گذشت زمان انبارداری بطور معنی¬داری کاهش یافت. در مجموع بسته¬های پلی اتیلن/پلی¬آمید با ترکیب گازی (N298 درصد O2+2 درصد) و (N290 درصد O2+10 درصد) و دمای30 درجه طی نه ماه ویژگی¬های کیفی را بهتر از سایر شرایط حفظ نمود، درحالی¬که، برای 6 ماه انبارداری، دمای نگهداری20 درجه و بسته آلومینیوم تحت خلأ بهترین نتیجه را داشت.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
بغدادیگ. آ., عزیزیم., صداقتن., روشن سروستانیو., & آروییح. (2018). بررسی اثرات دمای انبار، اتمسفر و نوع پوشش بسته بندی بر برخی ویژگیهای کیفی بذور زنیان در طی نه ماه انبارداری. علوم باغبانی, 31(4), 643-657. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v31i4.51654
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی