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نادر یعقوبی اکرم علی ایمانی داود صادق زاده اهری

چکیده

تولید سیب، در اقتصاد باغبانی ایران از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار است. این پژوهش با استفاده از یک آزمایش فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار به­منظور بررسی اثرات پایه و محلول‌پاشی مخلوط کلرید کلسیم، نیترات کلسیم و بور بر برخی صفات کمی و کیفی سیب رقم’ استارکینگ‘ طی‌ سال زراعی 94-1393 در منطقه خرم‌دره انجام شد. عامل پایه در دو سطح (EM 9 و MM 106) و عامل غلظت محلول‌پاشی در سه سطح (صفر، 3000 و 5000 پی.پی.ام) مخلوط کلرید کلسیم، نیترات کلسیم و بور بود و درختان آزمایشی در سن 9 سالگی قرار داشتند. عملیات محلول‌پاشی در طول دوران رشد و نمو رویشی درختان و در سه نوبت به فاصله 22 روز انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که عامل غلظت محلول‌پاشی بر عملکرد تک‌درخت، عملکرد در واحد سطح، طول و قطر شاخه‌های جدید، ارتفاع و قطر درخت، میزان افزایش سالانه قطر درخت، میزان مواد جامد محلول، اسیدیته و سفتی بافت میوه اثر معنی‌دار و بر میزان اسیدیته کل قابل تیتراسیون میوه‌ها اثر غیر معنی‌داری داشت. اثر پایه بر صفات طول رشد شاخه‌های جدید، قطر تنه درخت و میزان افزایش سالانه آن و همچنین میزان اسیدیته میوه معنی‌دار بود. اثر متقابل غلظت محلول‌پاشی× نوع پایه فقط در مورد صفت طول رشد شاخه‌های جدید معنی‌دار بود. جمع‌بندی نتایج نشان داد که محلول‌پاشی مخلوط کلرید کلسیم، نیترات کلسیم و بور با غلظت 5000 پی.پی.ام موجب بهبود خواص کمی و کیفی سیب رقم ’استارکینگ‘ بر روی پایه‌های M9 و MM106 می‌گردد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

اسیدیته میوه, سفتی میوه, طول رشد شاخه جدید, عملکرد تک‌درخت, مواد جامد محلول میوه

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ارجاع به مقاله
یعقوبی اکرمن., ایمانیع., & صادق زاده اهرید. (2019). بررسی اثرات پایه و محلول‌پاشی با مخلوط کلرید کلسیم، نیترات کلسیم و بور بر برخی صفات کمی و کیفی سیب رقم’ استارکینگ‘. علوم باغبانی, 33(2), 195-205. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.54745
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی