##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

فرید مرادی نژاد سارا حسن ‍‍‍‍پور محمد حسن سیاری

چکیده

زرشک بی دانه با نام علمیvar. Asperma Berberis vulgaris L. یکی از مهمترین محصولات باغی و دارویی خراسان جنوبی است. میوه تازه زرشک دارای آب فراوان و پوستی نازک در مرحله رسیدگی بوده و از اینرو حساس به ترکیدگی و فساد در طی مراحل مختلف برداشت، انبارداری و فرآوری می باشد. از اینرو آزمایش حاضر به صورت کرتهای خرد شده در زمان و در قالب طرح بلوکهای کامل تصادفی با پنج تیمار و سه تکرار در باغ تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی بیرجند، در سال 1393 انجام شد. تیمارها شامل محلول پاشی پیش از برداشت با اسید سالیسیلیک (1 و 3 میلی¬مولار)، کلریدکلسیم (1 و 2 درصد) و آب مقطر (شاهد) بود. ارزیابی های مختلف در زمان برداشت و در 30، 60 و90 روز پس از نگهداری در انبار سرد با دمای 5/0±4 درجه سانتیگراد و رطوبت نسبی 5 ± 85 درصد انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که اسید سالیسیلیک 1 میلی¬مولار باعث افزایش وزن تر، حجم، pH، مواد جامد محلول، اسیدآسکوربیک و اسیدیته قابل تیتر میوه زرشک بی¬دانه نسبت به سایر تیمارها شد. همچنین تیمار اسید سالیسیلیک 3 میلی¬مولار باعث کاهش نشت یونی میوه زرشک شد که می¬توان از آن به عنوان یک تیمار مناسب برای کاهش آسیب سرمایی استفاده کرد. تیمار کلرید کلسیم 2 درصد نیز بیشترین تاثیر را بر کاهش افت وزن نسبت به سایر تیمارها داشت. تیمارهای شیمیایی کلرید کلسیم 2 درصد و اسید سالیسیلیک 1 میلی¬مولار بیشترین تاثیر را در بهبود ویژگی¬های فیزیکوشیمیایی میوه زرشک بی¬دانه داشتند. بطورکلی محلول پاشی قبل از برداشت زرشک بی¬دانه با اسید سالیسیلیک و کلرید کلسیم موجب بهبود کیفیت و کاهش ضایعات در طی دوره انبارمانی میوه تازه شد.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
1- Aghdam M., Mostofi Y., Motallebiazar A., Ghasemnezhad M., and Moghaddam J. F. 2009. Effects of MeSA vapor treatment on the postharvest quality of Hayward kiwifruit. p. 473-478. In M. Erkan and U. Aksoy (ed.) Proceeding of the 6th International Postharvest Symposium. 8-12 April. 2009. Antalya, Turkey.
2- Ahrendt L.W.A. 1961. Berberis and Mahonia – a taxonomic revision. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany, 57: 67–68.
3- Asghari M., and Aghdam M.S. 2010. Impact of salicylic acid on post-harvest physiology of horticultural crops. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 21: 502-509.
4- Babalar M., Asghari M., Talaei A., and Khosroshahi A. 2007. Effect of pre- and postharvest salicylic acid treatment on ethylene production, fungal decay and overall quality of Selva strawberry fruit. Food chemistry, 105: 449-453.
5- Chaplin G.R., and Scott K.J. 1980. Association of calcium in chilling injury susceptibility of stored avocados. Horticultural Science, 15: 514-522.
6- Cheour F., Willemot C., Arul J., Makhlouf J., and Desjardins Y. 1991. Postharvest response of two strawberry cultivars to foliar application of CaCl2. HortScience, 26: 1186–1188.
7- Cioroi M. 2007. Study on L-ascorbic acid contents from exotic fruits. Cercetari Agronomice Moldova, 1: 23-27.
8- Ding C.K., Chachin K., Hamauzu Y., Ueda Y., and Imahori Y. 1998. Effects of storage temperatures on physiology and quality of loquat fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 14(3): 309-315.
9- Ding Z.S., Tian S.P., Zheng X.L., Zhou Z.W., and Xu Y. 2007. Responses of reactive oxygen metabolism and quality in mango fruit to exogenous oxalic acid or salicylic acid under chilling temperature stress. Physiologia Plantarum, 130(1): 112-121.
10- Esteves M.T., Carvalho V.D., Chitarra M.I., and Paula M.B. 1984. Characteristics of fruits of six guava (Psidium guajava L.) cultivars during ripening. II. Vitamin C and tannins contents Annal do VII Congreso Brasileiro de Fruticultura, 490-500.
11- Fallahi E., Conway W.S., Hickey K.D., and Sams C.E. 1997. The role of calcium and nitrogen in postharvest quality and disease resistance of apples. Horticultural Science, 32: 831-835.
12- Ferguson I.B., and Boyd L.M. 2002. Inorganic nutrients and fruit quality In: Fruit Quality and Its Biological Basis (Knee M. ed.). Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, UK. 17-45.
13- Ferguson I. 1984. Calcium in plant senescence and fruit ripening. Plant, Cell and Environment, 7(6): 477-489.
14- Gastol M., and Domagala-Swiatkiewicz I. 2006. Effect of foliar sprays on potassium, magnesium and calcium distribution in fruits of the pear. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 14(2): 169-176.
15- Gundogdu M. 2013. Determination of antioxidant capacities and biochemical compounds of Berberis vulgaris L. fruits. Advances in Environmental Biology, 7(2): 344-8.
16- Hayat S., Fariduddin Q., Ali B., and Ahmad A. 2005. Effect of salicylic acid on growth and enzyme activities of wheat seedlings. Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 53: 433-437.
17- Hu Y., and Schmidhalter U. 2005. Drought and salinity: a comparison of their effects on mineral nutrition of plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 168(4): 541-549.
18- Javaheri M., Mashayekhi K., Dadkhah A., and Zaker Tavallaee F. 2012. Effects of salicylic acid on yield and quality characters of tomato fruit (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 4: 1184-1187.
19- Kafi M., and Balandari A. 2004. Berberis (Production and Processing). Ferdowsi University Press, Mashhad, Iran, p. 210.
20- Kalarani M.K., Thangaraj M., Sivakumar R., and Mallika V. 2002. Effects of salicylic acid on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) productivity. Crop Research, 23: 486-492.
21- Karlidag H., Yildirim E., and Turan M. 2009. Salicylic acid ameliorates the adverse effect of salt stress on strawberry. Scientia Agricola, 66(2): 180-187.
22- Katsurayama J.M., Amarante C.V.T.d., Steffens C.A., and Pereira A.J. 2011. Preharvest spraying with commercial sources of calcium for bitter pit control in 'Catarina' apples. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, 33: 353-361.
23- Knee M. 2002. Fruit quality and its biological basis. Sheffield Academic Press (CRC Press).
24- Levy D., Poovaiah B.W., and Kolattukudy P.E. 1979. Effects of Calcium infiltration on membrane leakage and changes in phospholipid and fatty-acid content in apples during senescence. Plant Physiology, 63(5): 157-158.
25- Lu X., Sun D., Li Y., Shi W., and Sun G. 2011. Pre- and post-harvest salicylic acid treatments alleviate internal browning and maintain quality of winter pineapple fruit. Scientia Horticulturae, 130: 97-101.
26- Moradinezhad F., and Khayyat M. 2014. Effects of intermittent warming and prestorage treatments (hot water, salicylic acid, calcium chloride) on postharvest life of pomegranate fruit cv. ‘Shishe-Kab’ during long-term cold storage. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology, 1(1): 43-51.
27- Moradinezhad F., Khayyat M., and Saeb H. 2013. Combination effects of postharvest treatments and modified atmosphere packaging on shelf life and quality of Iranian pomegranate fruit cv. Sheshi-kab. International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation, 3(3): 244-256.
28- Neilsen G.H., and Neilsen D. 2001. Effect of foliar Zn, form and timing of Ca sprays on fruit Ca concentration in new apple cultivars. In International Symposium on Foliar Nutrition of Perennial Fruit Plants, 594: 435-443.
29- Padayatty, S.J., Katz, A., Wang, Y., Eck, P., Kwon, O., Lee, J.H., Chen, S., Corpe, C., Dutta, A., Dutta, S.K. and Levine, M. 2003. Vitamin C as an antioxidant: evaluation of its role in disease prevention. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 22(1): 18-35.
30- Pila N., Gol N.B., and Rao T.V.R. 2010. Effect of post harvest treatments on physicochemical characteristics and shelf life of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) fruits during storage. American-Eurasian Journal Agriculture Environment Science, 9: 470-479.
31- Poovaiah B. 1986. Role of Calcium in prolonging storage life of fruits and vegetables. Food Technology, 40: 86-89.
32- Ramezanian A., and Rahemi M. 2011. Chilling resistance in pomegranate fruits with spermidine and calcium chloride treatments. International Journal of Fruit Science, 11: 276-285.
33- Ramezanian A., Rahemi M., and Vazifehshenas M.R. 2009. Effects of foliar application of calcium chloride and urea on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of pomegranate fruits. Scientia Horticulturae, 121: 171-175.
34- Raskina I. 1992. Role of salicylic acid in plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 43: 439-463.
35- Razavi F., Hajilou J., Dehgan G., Hassani R.N.B., and Turchi M. 2014. Enhancement of postharvest quality of peach fruit by salicylic acid treatment. International Journal of Biosciences, 4: 177-184.
36- Rehab M. 2013. Effect of post-harvest salicylic acid treatments on fruit quality of peach cv. Flordaprince during cold storage. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7: 920-927.
37- Saltveit M. 2002. The rate of ion leakage from chilling-sensitive tissue does not immediately increase upon exposure to chilling temperatures. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 26: 295-304.
38- Saure M.C. 2005. Calcium translocation to fleshy fruit: its mechanism and endogenous control. Scientia Horticulturae, 105: 65-89.
39- Sayyari M., Babalar M., Kalantari S., Serrano M., and Valero D. 2009. Effect of salicylic acid treatment on reducing chilling injury in stored pomegranates. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 53: 152-154.
40- Schuman G.E., Stanley M.A., and Knudsen D. 1973. Automated total nitrogen analysis of soil and plant samples. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 37(3): 480-481.
41- Senaratna T., Touchell D., Bunn E., and Dixon K. 2000. Acetyl salicylic acid (Aspirin) and salicylic acid induce multiple stress tolerance in bean and tomato plants. Plant Growth Regulation, 30: 157-161.
42- Shakirova F.M., Sakhabutdinova A.R., Bezrukova M.V., Fatkhutdinova R.A., and Fatkhutdinova D.R. 2003. Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedlings induced by salicylic acid and salinity, Plant Science, 164: 317-322.
43- Shokrollah F.S., Hajilou J., Zaare N.F., Tabatabaei S.J., and Naghshiband H.R. 2014. Effects of putrescine, calcium chloride and salicylic acid on quality and storage life of plum fruit cv. Shablon. Bioresource Technology, 5: 12-15.
44- Singh R., Sharma R.R., Kumar S., Gupta R.K., and Patil R.T. 2008. Vermicompost substitution influences growth, physiological disorders, fruit yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.). Bioresource Technology, 99: 8507-8511.
45- Supapvanich S. 2015. Effects of preharvest salicylic acid treatment on chilling injury alleviation and quality of Lemon basil and Holy basil during cold storage. Journal of Food Science, 6: 26-30
46- Taylor M.D., and Locascio S.J. 2004. Blossom-end rot: A calcium deficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27: 123-139.
47- Walsh L.M. 1971. Instrumental methods for analysis of soils and plant tissue. Soil Science Society of America. 5: 222-225.
48- Wang L., Chen S., Kong W., Li S., and Archbold D.D. 2006. Salicylic acid pretreatment alleviates chilling injury and affects the antioxidant system and heat shock proteins of peaches during cold storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 41: 244-251.
49- Zheng Y., and Zhang Q. 2004. Effects of polyamines and salicylic acid on postharvest storage of ‘Ponkan’ mandarin. Journal of Acta Horticulturae, 632: 317-320.
50- Zokaee Khosroshahi M.R.Z., Esna-Ashari M., and Ershadi A. 2007. Effect of exogenous putrescine on post-harvest life of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) fruit, cultivar Selva. Scientia Horticulturae, 114(1): 27–32.
ارجاع به مقاله
مرادی نژادف., حسن ‍‍‍‍پورس., & سیاریم. ح. (2018). تاثیر محلول پاشی قبل از برداشت کلرید کلسیم و اسید سالیسیلیک بر خصوصیات فیزیکوشیمیایی و کیفیت میوه تازه زرشک بی‌دانه. علوم باغبانی, 32(1), 61-74. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v32i1.60331
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی