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محمد بهزاد امیری پرویز رضوانی مقدم محسن جهان

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی اثر کودهای آلی و شیمیایی بر خصوصیات کمی گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum) در تراکم­های مختلف گیاهی، آزمایشی در سال­های زراعی 92-1390 در دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد به صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه­ی بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. فاکتورهاي آزمايشي شامل 3 تراکم گیاهی (3، 5 و 10 بوته در متر مربع) و 5 نوع کود مختلف (کمپوست زباله شهری، ورمي‌کمپوست، گاوي، شیمیایی (اوره) و شاهد) بودند. نتایج آزمایش نشان داد که با کاهش تراکم گیاهی، تأثیر کودهای آلی در افزایش عملکرد گل تشدید شد و در کمترین تراکم گیاهی، کودهای کمپوست زباله شهری، ورمی‌کمپوست و گاوی، عملکرد گل را به­ترتیب 112، 79 و 223 درصد نسبت به شاهد بطور معنی‎داری افزایش دادند. در تمامی تراکم­های مورد مطالعه، طول ساقه فرعی در شرایط استفاده از کودهای آلی نسبت به شاهد بطور معنی‎داری بیشتر بود. کودهای کمپوست، ورمی­کمپوست، گاوی و شیمیایی (اوره) در تراکم 10 بوته در متر مربع به­ترتیب افزایش 106، 54، 66 و 173 درصدی میزان فنول کل را در مقایسه با شاهد سبب شدند. در تراکم متوسط گیاهی (5 بوته در متر مربع) استفاده از کودهای کمپوست، ورمی‌کمپوست و گاوی به­ترتیب منجر به افزایش 83، 74 و 57 درصدی میزان آنتوسیانین کل نسبت به شاهد شدند. به­طور کلی نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که استفاده از کودهای آلی مختلف و کود شیمیایی اوره در تراکم­های مطلوب گیاهی می‌تواند منجر به بهبود خصوصیات مورفولوژيكي و عملکرد کمی و کیفی گاوزبان ایرانی شود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

آنتوسیانین کل, فنول کل, کمپوست, گیاه دارویی, نهاده بوم¬سازگار

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ارجاع به مقاله
امیریم. ب., رضوانی مقدمپ., & جهانم. (2019). ارزیابی خصوصيات مورفولوژيكي و عملکرد کمی و کیفی گاوزبان ایرانی (Echium amoenum) تحت تأثیر تراکم گیاهی و کاربرد کود شیمیایی اوره و کودهای آلی مختلف. علوم باغبانی, 33(3), 387-403. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v33i3.70323
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی