##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

علی ناصری مقدم حسن بیات محمد حسین امینی فرد فرید مرادی نژاد

چکیده

در بین تنش‌های محیطی، خشکی و شوری جزء مهم‌ترین تنش‌ها هستند که رشد و نمو گیاهان را در مناطق خشک و نیمه خشک محدود می‌کنند. هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر تنش‌های خشکی و شوری بر صفت‌های رویشی، زایشی و بیوشیمیایی گل نرگس شهلا (Narcissus tazetta L.) بود. این آزمایش گلدانی، به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با سه تکرار در دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بیرجند در سال 1396 انجام شد. تیمارها شامل کلرید‌سدیم در چهار سطح صفر (شاهد)، 20، 40 و 60 میلی‌مولار و تنش خشکی در چهار سطح 70،50،30 و 90 درصد ظرفیت زراعی بودند. نتایج اثرهای ساده نشان داد که تنش‌های خشکی و شوری باعث کاهش مقدار قطر ساقه گل‌دهنده، قطر گل، طول ریشه، حجم ریشه، وزن تر ریشه، طول و وزن تر سوخ، وزن تر اندام هوایی، وزن خشک کل و تعداد روز از گلدهی تا پیری گل شدند. در مقابل صفت‌های تعداد روز از کاشت تا گلدهی، میزان قندهای محلول کل برگ و ریشه، فعالیت آنتی­اکسیدانی و محتوای فنول کل تحت تأثیر این دو تنش افزایش یافتند. نتایج اثرهای متقابل نشان داد که اثر مخرب تنش‌های شوری و خشکی در شرایط کاربرد توأم دو تنش، تشدید شد به طوری که کمترین مقدار صفت‌های رشدی و زایشی در شدیدترین سطح تنش (30 درصد ظرفیت زراعی × شوری 60 میلی‌مولار) مشاهده شد. به طور کلی، نتایج نشان داد که در محدوده تیمارهای اعمال شده، اثر مخرب تنش شوری بر صفت‌های رشدی، زینتی و فیزیولوژیکی گل نرگس بیشتر از تنش خشکی بود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

حجم ریشه, فعالیت آنتی¬اکسیدانی, قطر گل, قندهای محلول کل, محتوای فنول کل

مراجع
1- Abedi T., and Pakniyat H. 2010. Antioxidant enzyme changes in response to drought stress in ten cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 46(1): 27-34.
2- Afshar Mohammadian M., Ebrahimi Nokandeh S., and Jamalomidi M. 2015. The effect of different levels of salinity on some non-enzymatic antioxidants of three cultivars of peanut (Arachis hypogea L.). Crop Physiology Journal 6(24): 57-71. (In Persian)
3- Ahmadi S.H., and Niazi Ardekani J. 2006. The effect of water salinity on growth and physiological stages of eight Canola (Brassica napus) cultivars. Irrigation Science 25: 11-20. (In Persian)
4- Al-Moftah A.E., and Al-Humaid A.R.I. 2005. Response of vegetative and reproductive parameters of water stressed tuberose plants to vapor gard (VG) and kaolin antitranspirants (AT). Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research 23(1): 7-14.
5- Apel K., and Hirt H. 2004. Reactive oxygen species: Metabolism, oxidative stress, and signal transduction. Plant Biology 55:373-399.
6- Bahadoran M., and Salehi H. 2015. Growth and flowering of two tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cultivars under deficit irrigation by saline water. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 17(2): 415-426.
7- Bakhshi Khaniki G., Javadi S., Mehdikhani P., and Tahmasebi D. 2011. Investigation of drought stress effects on some quantity and quality characteristics of new eugenics sugar beet genotypes. New Cellular and Molecular Biotechnology Journal 1(3): 65-74. (In Persian)
8- Bideshki A., and Arvin M.J. 2010. Effect of salicylic acid (SA) and drought stress on growth, bulb yield and allicin content of garlic (Allium sativum) in field. Plant Ecophysiology 2: 73-79. (In Persian)
9- Bissuel-Belaygue C., Cowan A.A., Marshall A.H., and Wery J. 2002. Reproductive development of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) is not impaired by a moderate water deficit that reduces vegetative growth. Crop Science 42(2): 414-422.
10- Borzouei A., Kafi M., Khazaei H., and Mousavi Shalmani M. 2012. Effect of irrigation water salinity on root traits of two salt-sensitive and salt-tolerant wheat cultivars and its relationship with yield in greenhouse. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture 2(4): 95-107. (In Persian)
11- Dadras N., Besharati H., and Ketabchi S. 2012. Effects of salt stress induced by sodium chloride on growth and biological nitrogen fixation in soybean cultivars. Journal of Soil 26: 141-137. (In Persian)
12- Davarynejad G., Shirbani S., and Zarei M. 2015. Effects of deficient irrigation on some of the morpho-physiological characteristics of four fig cultivars. Journal of Horticulture Science, 29(4): 501-517. (In Persian)
13- De R., and Kar R.K. 1995. Seed germination and seedling growth of mung bean under water stress by PEG 6000. Seed Science and Technology 23(2): 301-308.
14- Dehghan H., Alizadeh A., Esmaili K., and Nemati H. 2015. Root growth, yield and yield components of tomato under drought stress. Journal of Water Research in Agriculture 29(2): 169-179. (In Persian)
15- Dehghan A., and Rahimmalek M. 2018. The effect of salt stress on morphological traits and essential oil content of Iranian and foreign yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) genotypes. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture 9(2): 23-38. (In Persian)
16- Eskandari-Zanjani K., Shirani Rad A.H., Bitarafan Z., Aghdam A.M., Taherkhani T., and Khalili P. 2012. Physiological response of sweet wormwood to salt stress under salicylic acid application and non-application conditions. Life Science Journal 9(4): 4190-4195.
17- Fabriki Ourang S., and Mehrabad-Pourbenab S. 2016. The effects of drought and salt stresses on some morphological and biochemical parameters of savory (Satureja hortensis L.). Eco-Phytochemical Journal of Medicinal Plants 4(3): 23-35. (In Persian)
18- Fallah A., Farahmanfar E., and Moradi F. 2015. Effect of salt stress on some morphophysiological characters of two rice culitivars during different growth stages at greenhouse. Applied Field Crops Research 28(107): 175-182. (In Persian)
19- Franco J.A., Banon S., Vicente M.J., Miralles J., and Martinez-Sanchez J.J. 2011. Root development in horticultural plants grown under abiotic stress conditions-a review. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 86: 543–556.
20- Ghasemi-Phyrouzabadi A. 2001. Evaluation of salinity resistance in two rangeland species Aeluropus littoralis and Puccinella diatance. MS.c.Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran. (In Persian)
21- Ghasemi A. 2009. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Islamic Azad University Press. Shahrekord, 536. (In Persian)
22- Gholami-Touranposhti M., Maghsoudi Moud A.A., and Manouchehri-Kalantari K. 2005. Salt stress effect on the photosynthetic capacity of three Iranian saffron (Crocus sativus L.) clones. The 4th National Biotechnology Congress of Kerman. (In Persian)
23- Ghorbanali M., and Niakan M. 2005. Evaluation of drought stress effect on soluble sugars content, protein, prolin and phenolic compounds and nitrate reeducates activity in soybean cultivar Gorgan 3. Iranian Journal of Science Education 1(2): 537-550. (In Persian)
24- Hajmohammadnia-Ghalibaf K., and Selahvarzi Y. 2012. Physiological responses of kallar grass (Leptochloa fesca L. kunth) to combined salinity and drought stresses under controlled conditions. Environmental Stresses in Crop Sciences 4(2): 105-115. (In Persian)
25- Jaimez R., Vielma O., Rada F., and García‐Núñez C. 2000. Effects of water deficit on the dynamics of flowering and fruit production in capsicum chinense Jacq in a tropical semiarid region of Venezuela. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 185(2): 113-119.
26- Javanmardi J., Khalighi A., Khashi A., Bais H.P., and Vivanco J.M. 2002. Chemical characterization of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) found in local accessions and used in traditional medicines in Iran. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 50: 58-78.
27- Javadipour Z., Movahhedi Dehnavi M., and Balouchi H. 2013. Changes in leaf proline, soluble sugars, glycinebetaine and protein content in six spring safflowers under salinity stress. Journal of Plant Process and Function 1(2): 13-23. (In Persian)
28- Kafi M., Bagheri A., Nabati J., Zare-Mehrjerdi M., and Masomi A. 2011. Effect of salinity on some physiological variables of 11 chickpea genotypes under hydroponic conditions. Journal of Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture 1(4): 55-70. (In Persian)
29- Kerepesi H., and Galiba G. 2000. Osmotic and salt stress Induced alteration in soluble carbohydrate content in wheat seedling. Crop Science 40: 482-487.
30- Kim B.J., Kim J.H., Kim H.P., and Heo M.Y. 1997. Biological screening of 100 plant extracts for cosmetic use (II): Antioxidative activity and free radical scavenging activity. International Journal of Cosmetic Science 19(6): 299-307.
31- Kinghorn A.D. 1987. Biologically active compounds from plants with reputed medicinal and sweetening properties. Journal of Natural Products 50(6): 1009-1024.
32- Klimczak I., Maecka M., Szlachta M., and Gliszcyn A. 2007. Effect of storage on the content of polyphenols, vitamin C and the antioxidant activity of orange juices. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 20: 313-322.
33- Kontogiorgis C.A., and Hadjipavlou-Litina D.J. 2005. Synthesis and antiinflammatory activity of coumarin derivatives. Medicinal Chemistry 48: 6400-6408.
34- Liang X., Zhang L., Natarajan S.K., and Becker D.F. 2013. Proline mechanisms of stress survival. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling 19: 998-1011.
35- Li X.F., Shao X.H., Deng X.J., Wang Y., Zhang X.P., Jia L.Y., and Xu L. 2012. Necessity of high temperature for the dormancy release of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis. Journal of Plant Physiology 169(14): 1340-1347.
36- Lloyd J., and Howie H. 1989. Response of orchard ‘washington navel’ orange, (Citrus sinensis L.) osbeck to saline irrigation water. Canopy characteristics and seasonal patterns in leafosmotic potential, carbohydrates and ion concentrations. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 40: 359–69.
37- Mahajan S., and Tuteja N. 2005. Cold, salinity and drought stresses: an overview. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 444(2): 139-158.
38- McCready R.M., Guggolz J., Silviera V., and Owens H.S. 1950. Determination of starch and amylose in vegetables. Analytical Chemistry 22: 1156–1158.
39- Moghbeli E., Fathollahi S., Salari H., Ahmadi G., Saliqehdar F., Safari A., and Hosseini Grouh M. 2012. Effects of salinity stress on growth and yield of Aloe vera L. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6(16): 3272-3277.
40- Mortezaye-nezhad F., and Jazi-zadeh E. 2017. Effects of water stress on morphological and physiological indices of Cichorium intybus L. for introduction in urban landscapes. Journal of Plant Process and Function 6(21): 279-290. (In Persian)
41- Mohammadi Torkashvand A., and Toofighi Alikhani T. 1394. The impact of drought stress of the cultivation medium on the growth and postharvest life of lilium and chlorophyll in different potassium concentrations of nutrient solution. Journal of Ornamental Plants 5(2): 123-130.
42- Murthy Z.V.P., and Lad V.N. 2013. Phenology of Aloe barbadensis Miller: A naturally available material of high therapeutic and nutrient value for food applications. Journal of Food Engineering 115: 279–284.
43- Nakhaei, F., Khalighi, A., Naseri, M. and Abroumand, P. 2008. The investigation of chemical components in essential oil of Narcissus tazetta L. Flowers under farm and natural conditions in south khorasan. Journal of Horticulture Science (Agricultural Sciences and Technology) 22(2): 123-131. (In Persian with English Abstract)
44- Pessarakli M. 1995. Hand book of plant and crop physiology. Public. Narcel Dekker. Inc. 223-242.
45- Pessarakli M., and Kopec D.M. 2008. Comparing growth responses of selected cool-season turfgrasses under salinity and drought stresses. Turfgrass, Landscape and Urban IPM Research Summary. P-155.
46- Pourmorad F., Hosseiniimehr N., and Shahabimajd N. 2006. Antioxidant activity, Phenol and flavonoid contents of some selected Iranian medical plants. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(11): 1142-1145.
47- Rostami M., Mohmmad-Parast B., and Golfam R. 2015. The effect of different levels of salinity stress on some physiological characteristics of saffron (Crocus sativus L.). Saffron Agronomy and Technology 3(3): 193-179. (In Persian)
48- Sadeghi H., and Khani K. 2012. Effects of different drought and salinity stress levels on some morphological characteristics and proline content of annual burr medics (M. polymorpha L.). Iranian Dryland Agronomy Journal 1(2): 1-13. (In Persian)
49- Sanjarimijani M., Sirousmehr A.R., and Fakheri B. 2016. The effects of drought stress and humic acid on morphological traits, yield and anthocyanin of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). Agroecology 8(3): 346-358. (In Persian)
50- Salami M.R., Safarnejad A., and Hamidi H. 2006. Effect of salinity stress on morphological characters of cuminum cyminum and valeriana officinalis. Journal of Pajouh and Sazandegi 72: 77-83. (In Persian)
51- Sarker B.C., Hara M., and Uemura M. 2005. Proline synthesis, physiological responses and biomass yield of eggplants during and after repetitive soil moisture stress. Science Horticulture 103:387-402.
52- Sepaskhah A.R., and Yarami N. 2009. Interaction effects of irrigation regime and salinity on flower yield and growth of saffron. Journal Horticulture Science Biotechnol 84: 216-222.
53- Shahbazi H., Arzani A., and Esmaelzadeh-Moghadm M. 2016. Effects of drought stress on physiological characteristics in wheat recombinant inbred lines. Journal of Plant Process and Function 5(15): 123-132. (In Persian)
54- Sharifi M., Ghorbanli M., and Ebrahimzadeh H. 2006. Improved growth of salinity-stressed soybean after inoculation with salt pre-treated mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Plant Physiology 164(9): 1144-1151.
55- Shao H.B., Chu L.Y., Jaleel C.A., and Zhao C.X. 2008. Water-deficit stress-induced anatomical changes in higher plants, Comptes Rendus Biologies 331: 215-225.
56- Shannon M.C. 1986. Breeding, selection and the genetics of salt tolerance. In: Staples R.C., and G.H. Toenniessn (eds). Salinity Tolerance in Plants. John Wiley and Sons 10: 231-252.
57- Shillo R., Ding M., Pasternak D., and Zaccai M. 2002. Cultivation of cut flower and bulb species with saline water. Science Horticulture 92: 41–54.
58- Singleton V.L., Orthofer R., and Lamuela-Raventos R.M. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology 299: 152-178.
59- Silva J.V., Lacerd C.F., Costa P.H.A., Filho J.E., Filho E.G., and Prisco J.T. 2003. Physiological responses of NaCl stressed cowpea plants grown in nutrient solution supplemented with CaCl2 . Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology 15: 99-105.
60- Stanton M., Roy B., and Thiede D. 2000. Evolution in stressful environments. I. Phenotypic variability, phenotypic selection, and response to selection in five distinct environmental stresses. Evolution 54(1): 93-111.
61- Soleimani S., Bernard F., Amini M., and Khavari-nezhad R. 2007. Alkaloids from Narcissus tazetta L. Journal of Medicinal Plants 4(24): 58-63. (In Persian)
62- Sreenivasulu N., Grimm B., Wobus U., and Weshke W. 2000. Differential response of antioxidant compounds to salinity stress in salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive seedlings of foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Plant Physiology 109(4): 435-442.
63- Tabatabae S.A., Ghasemi A., and Shakeri E. 2012. Effect of water stress on yield, yield components and oil quantity of canola cultivars. Crop Physiology Journal 3(12): 41-53. (In Persian)
64- Ueda A., Kanechi M., and Uno Y. 2003. Photosynthetic limitations of a halophyte sea aster (Aster tripolium L.) under water stress and NaCl stress. Journal of Plant Research 116(1): 63-68.
65- Van-Dort H.M., Jagers P.P., and Heide R. 1993. Narcissus trevithian and Narcissus geranium: analysis and synthesis of compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 41(11): 2063-2075.
66- Valifard M., Mohsenzadeh S., Kholdebarin B., and Rowshan V. 2014. Effects of salt stress on volatile compounds, total phenolic content and antioxidant activities of Salvia mirzayanii. South African Journal of Botany 93: 92–97.
67- Veatch-Blohm M.E., Chen D., and Hassett M. 2013. Narcissus cultivar differences in response to saline irrigation when application began either pre-or postemergence. HortScience 48(3): 322-329.
68- Yousef A.M. 2009. Salt tolerance mechanisms in some halophytes from Saudi Arabia and Egypt. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 5: 191-206.
ارجاع به مقاله
ناصری مقدمع., بیاتح., امینی فردم. ح., & مرادی نژادف. (2019). تأثیر تنش‌های خشکی و شوری بر رشد، گلدهی و برخی از ویژگی‌های بیوشیمیایی گیاه نرگس (Narsicuss tazetta L.). علوم باغبانی, 33(3), 451-466. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.76772
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی