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محسن مظفری فرهنگ رضوی ولی ربیعی عزیزاله خیری اکبر حسنی

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر کاربرد برگی سلنیم در چهار سطح (صفر، 1، 2 و 3 میلی گرم در لیتر) بر صفات کیفی و بیوشیمیایی انگور رقم فخری آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در تاکستان تجاری (استان­کردستان، شهرستان قروه) انجام شد. بوته­ها در سه مرحله: تشکیل میوه، ساچمه­ ای شدن حبه­ها، تغییر رنگ حبه­ ها محلول­پاشی شدند. در مرحله رسیدگی تجاری میوه (درجه بریکس 20) از میوه­ها و برگ­های بوته­ های تحت تیمار و شاهد نمونه­برداری صورت گرفت و صفات کلروفیل­کل و کارتنوئید، نیتروژن، پتاسیم، سلنیم برگ و میوه، موادجامدمحلول کل، قندهای محلول، اسید­قابل­تیتراسیون، اسیدیته (pH)، ویتامین C، فنل و فلاونوئیدکل، ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدانی میوه و وزن­حبه ارزیابی شد. نتایج اثرات مثبت تیمار سلنیم بر صفات را نشان داد، به طوریکه محلول­پاشی سلنیم با غلظت ۲ میلی­گرم در لیتر رنگیزه­های فتوسنتزی، نیتروژن و پتاسیم برگ، مواد جامدمحلول، قندهای­محلول، ویتامین C، فنل ­کل، ظرفیت آنتی­اکسیدانی و سلنیم میوه را در مقایسه با شاهد افزایش داد. بیشترین مقدار اسید قابل‌تیتراسیون، فلاونوئیدکل میوه و سلنیم برگ در تیمار 3 میلی­گرم در لیتر سلنیم مشاهده شد در حالی که این تیمار بر سایر صفات تاثیر کمتری داشت. بیشترین مقدار وزن حبه در تیمار 1 میلی­گرم در لیتر بدست آمد. هیچکدام از تیمارهای سلنیم تاثیر معنی­داری بر اسیدیته (pH) آبمیوه نشان ندادند. در مجموع نتایج نشان دهنده اثر مثبت سلنیم بر بهبود ویژگی­های آنتی­اکسیدانی، کیفی و افزایش میزان سلنیم میوه انگور بود و 2 میلی‌گرم در لیتر سلنیم با بیشترین تأثیر بر صفات به عنوان بهترین تیمار مشخص گردید.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

سلنات, ظرفیت آنتی¬اکسیدانی, فنل¬کل, کلروفیل, ویتامین C

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ارجاع به مقاله
مظفریم., رضویف., ربیعیو., خیریع., & حسنیا. (2019). اثر محلول¬پاشی قبل از برداشت سلنیم بر ویژگی¬های کیفی و بیوشیمیایی انگور رقم فخری (Vitis vinifera cv. Fakhri). علوم باغبانی, 34(1), 61-74. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v33i4.79017
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی