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محمد کاظم شفازاده شهربابکی مهدی حسینی فرهی غضنفر محمدی نیا

چکیده

تنش شوری یکی از مهم­ترین عوامل محیطی محدود کننده رشد می­باشد كه آثار بسيار نامطلوبی بر رشد و عملکرد گياهان مي­گذارد. به منظور بررسی تأثیر سالسیلیک­اسید و هیومیک­اسید بر بهبود تحمل به شوری و میزان جذب عناصر معدنی در فلفل دلمه­ای تحت تنش شوری، آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل (سه فاکتوره) در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در یک گلخانه تجاری در شهر یاسوج انجام گرفت. فاکتور اول سالسیلیک اسید در سه سطح صفر، یک و دو میلی­مولار، فاکتور دوم هیومیک­اسید در دو سطح صفر و 5 در هزار و فاکتور سوم شوری آب آبیاری در سه سطح صفر، 50 و 100 میلی­مولار نمک کلریدسدیم بود. صفاتی از قبیل ارتفاع گیاه، تعداد برگ، تعداد گل، تعداد میوه، متوسط وزن میوه، عملکرد کل، وزن تر و خشک اندام هوایی و ریشه و غلظت عناصر معدنی پتاسیم، کلسیم، آهن و سدیم در ریشه و برگ فلفل اندازه­گیری گردید. نتایج نشان داد که شوری تأثیر معنی‌داری بر کاهش پارامترهای رشدی گیاه فلفل داشت. کاربرد هیومیک­اسید و سالسیلیک­اسید باعث کاهش اثرات منفی تنش شوری گردید به‌طوری‌که در اکثر صفات باعث بهبود خصوصیات کمی فلفل گردید. میزان جذب عناصر معدنی پتاسیم، کلسیم و آهن با کاربرد سالسیلیک­اسید و هیومیک­اسید در شرایط تنش شوری افزایش یافت. بنابراین کاربرد هیومیک­اسید و سالسیلیک­اسید می­تواند در بهبود تحمل به شوری در گیاه فلفل دلمه‌ای مؤثر باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

پتاسیم, کلسیم, آهن, عملکرد, تعداد میوه

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ارجاع به مقاله
شفازاده شهربابکیم. ک., حسینی فرهیم., & محمدی نیاغ. (2020). بهبود تحمل به شوری و جذب عناصر غذایی در فلفل دلمه¬ای با کاربرد اسید سالسیلیک و اسید هیومیک . علوم باغبانی, 34(1), 91-106. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v34i1.80187
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی