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حسین نستری نصرآبادی سید فرهاد صابرعلی

چکیده

شوری یکی از مهمترین تنش­های محیطی است که بطور نامطلوبی باعث کاهش عملکرد و رشد گیاهان می­گردد. در این راستا آزمایشی بصورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار در گلخانه مجتمع آموزش عالی کشاورزی و دامپروری تربت جام بر روی خربزه رقم خاتونی اجرا گردید. تیمارسالیسیلیک اسید در دو سطح صفر (SA0) و یک میلی مولار (SA1)، کودهای زیستی شامل ازتوباکتر (B1)، آزوسپریلیوم (B2)، مخلوط ازتوباکتر و آزوسپریلیوم (B3) و بدون تلقیح (B0) و تیمار شوری در پنج مقدار صفر (S0)، 50 (S1)، 100 (S2)، 150 (S3) و 200 (S4) میلی‌مولار (mM) کلرید سدیم تهیه شدند. نتایج نشان داد که شوری بطور معنی­داری باعث افزایش میزان تولید پرولین، قندهای محلول و کاهش میزان رنگدانه­های فتوسنتزی و محتوای رطوبت نسبی برگ گیاه خربزه گردید. بیشترین میزان تولید قندهای محلول در ترکیب شوری 200 میلی‌مولار با کاربرد توام باکتری­ها (S4 B3) به دست آمد، همچنین بالاترین میزان پرولین در ترکیب شوری 200 میلی‌مولار با کاربرد سالیسیلیک اسید یک میلی‌مولار و ترکیب ازتوباکتر و آزوسپریلیوم (S4 SA1 B3) به دست آمد. استفاده از کودهای زیستی بخصوص مخلوط باکتری­ها در ترکیب با یک میلی‌مولار سالیسیلیک اسید (SA1 B3) بطور معنی­داری باعث بهبود صفات مورد مطالعه گردید. با توجه به نتایج به دست آمده می­توان تلقیح بذور خربزه و محلولپاشی با سالیسیلیک اسید را جهت افزایش مقاومت و بهبود رشد و عملکرد خربزه در مناطق شور توصیه نمود.


 

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

آزوسپریلیوم, ازتوباکتر, پرولین, خربزه خاتونی

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ارجاع به مقاله
نستری نصرآبادیح., & صابرعلیس. ف. (2019). تأثیر کودهای زیستی و سالیسیلیک اسید بر برخی صفات فیزیولوژیکی نشاء خربزه (Cucumis melo L.) در شرایط تنش شوری. علوم باغبانی, 34(1), 131-144. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v34i2.82028
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی