1- Abd-Elmoniem E.M., Abdrabbo M.A, Farag A.A, and Medany M.A. 2006. Hydroponics for food production: comparison of open and closed systems on yield and consumption of water and nutrient. The International Conference on Water Resources and Arid Environment, 26-29 November, p. 674-683.
2- Albaho M., Bhat N., Rezq H., and Thomas B. 2009. Effect of three different substrates on growth and yield of two cultivars of Capsicum annuum. European Journal of Scientific Research, 28: 227-33.
3- Altman A., and Freudenberg D. 1983. Quality of Pelargonium graveolens cutting as affected by the rooting medium. Scientia Horticulturae, 19: 379-385.
4- Baisakh N., Subudhi P.K., and Bhardwaj P. 2008. Primary responses to salt stress in a halophyte, Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora Loisel). Functional and Integrative Genomics, 8: 287-300.
5- Barrett G.E., Alexander P.D., Robinson J.S., and Bragg N.C. 2016. Achieving environmentally sustainable growing media for soilless plant cultivation systems – A review. Scientia Horticulturae, 212: 220–234.
6- Baruah T.C., and Barthakur H.P. 1997. A text book of soil analysis, Vikas Publishing house PVT LTD, NewDelhi.
7- Boltz D.F., and Howell J.A. 1978. Colorimetric determination of nonmetals. John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 197-202.
8- Cantliffe D.J., Shaw N., Jovicich E., Rodriguez J.C., Secker I., and Karchi Z. 2001. Passive ventilated high-roof greenhouse production of vegetables in a humid, mild winter climate. Acta Horticulturae, 1: 195-202.
9- Courtney R.G., and Mullen G.J. 2008. Soil quality and barley growth as influenced by the land application of two compost types. Bioresource Technology, 99: 2913-2918.
10- Dufault R.J., Phillip T.L., and Kelly J.W. 1990. Nitrogen and potassium fertility and plant populations influence field production of gerbera. HortScience, 25: 1599-602.
11- Einollahipeer F., and Pakzadtoochaei S. 2013. Removing nickel and zinc from aqueous environments using modified cocopeat. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 10: 3434-3443.
12- Fidanza M.A., Sanford D.L., Beyer D.M., and Aurentz D.J. 2010. Analysis of fresh mushroom compost. Horticultural Technology, 20: 449-453.
13- Grunert O., Perneel M., and Vandaele S. 2008. Peat-based organic grow bags as a solution to the mineral wool waste problem. Mires and Peat, 3: 1–5.
14- Hartmann H.T., Kester D.E., Davies F.T., and Geneve R.L. 1997. Plant propagation: Principles and practices. 6th. Prentice–Hall, Inc. USA, p. 710.
15- Hashemi Sh., Asrar Z., and Pourseyedi Sh. 2010. The effect of manganese on growth and some physiological and biochemical parameters of Lepidium sativum L. Journal of Plant Biology, 5: 1-12.
16- Hernandez-Apaolaza L., Antonio M., Gasco J.M., Gasco F., and Francisca G. 2005. Reuse of waste materials as growing media for ornamental plants. Bioresource Technology, 96: 125–131.
17- Hofreiter A. 2006. The identity of the three earliest binomials in Bomarea Mirb. (Alstroemeriaceae). Feddes Repertorium, 117: 389-398.
18- Huang S.N., and Lin J.C. 2001. Current status of organic materials recycling in southern Taiwan. Tainan District Agriculture Improvement Station, p. 1-10.
19- Iftikhar A., Tanveer A., Arfan G., and Muhamad S. 2012. Growth and flowering of gerbera as influenced by various horticultural substrates. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44: 291-299.
20- Jafari Haghighi M. 2003. Analytical methods of soil and the important physical and chemical sampling and analysis, with emphasis on theory and application. Nedaye zoha Publication, 236 p.
21- Khalaj M.A., Amiri M., and Azimi M.H. 2014. Effect of different growth media on nutrients uptake, growth characteristics and yield of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii) in a soil less culture system. Journal of Horticulture Science (Agricultural Sciences and Technology), 4: 470-479.
22- King J.J., and Bridgen M.P. 1990. Environmental and Genotypic Regulation of Alstroemeria Seed germination. Horticultural Science, 25: 1607-1609.
23- Kocabas I., Kaplan M., Kurkcuoglu M., and Baser K.H.C. 2010. Effects of different organic manure applications on the essential oil components of Turkish sage (Salvia fruticosa Mill.). Asian Journal of Chemistry, 22: 1599-1605.
24- Krucker M., Hummel R.L., and Cogger C. 2010. Chrysanthemum production in composted and non-composted organic waste substrates fertilized with nitrogen at two rates using surface and sub-irrigation. HortScience, 45: 1695–1701.
25- Kudsen D., and Peterson G.A. 1982. Lithium sodium and potassium. Pp: 225-245. In: A.L Page., R.H Miller., and R Kenny.(eds.) Methods of soil analysis. Part2: Chemical and microbiological propertirs (2nd ed.). Agronomy 9.
26- Lemaire F., Riviere L.M., Stivenard S., Marfa O., Gschwander S., and Guiffrida F. 1998. Consequences of organic matter biodegradability on the physical, chemical parameters of substrates. Acta Horticulturae, 469: 129-138.
27- Lohr V.I., Wang Sh.I., and Wolt J.D. 1984. Physical and chemical characteristics of fresh and aged spent mushroom compost. HortScience, 19: 681-683.
28- Marschner H. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Second edition, Academic Press Limited. Harcourt Brace and Company, Publishers, London, pp. 347-364.
29- Mazari H., Mojtaba Delshad M., and Kashi A. 2015. Study of the effect of substrates with different effective air-filled pore space on greenhouse tomato transplant growth. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Science, 3: 407-419.
30- Michel J.C. 2010. The physical properties of peat: a key factor for modern growing media. Mires Peat, 6: 6.
31- Munns R., James R.A., and Lauchli A. 2006. Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57: 1025-1043.
32- Mynard A.A. 1993. Nitrate leaching from compost amended soils. Compost Science, 1: 65-72.
33- Nektarios P.A., Kastritsis S., Ntoulas N., and Tsiotsiopoulou P. 2011. Substrate amendment effects on potted plant production and dry weight partition of lantana camara. HortScience, 46: 864–869.
34- Noguera P., Abad M., Noguera V., Puchades R., and Maquieira E. 2000. Coconut coir waste, a new and viable ecologically-friendly peat substitute. Acta Horticulturae, 517: 279-286.
35- Olsen S.R., and Sommers L.E. 1982. Phosphorus. pp. 403-430. In: A.L. Page., R.H. Miller., and R Kenny (eds) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. 2nd ed. Agronomy Monograph 9, ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI,
36- Olszewski M.W., Trego T.A., and Kuper R. 2009. Effects of peat moss substitution with arboretum and greenhouse waste compost for use in container media. Compost Science and Utilization, 17: 3.
37- Rahbarian P., and Salehi Sardoei A. 2014. Effect waste of palm trees and sand and perlite mixed with some growth indices Ficus benjamina. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research, 2: 573-578.
38- Rhoades I.D. 1986. Cation exchange capacity. Pp. 149-157. In: Page AL, Miller RH and Keeney DR (Eds). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2, Soil Science Society of America Journal, Madison, WI.
39- Sadeghi A., Nasibi F., Farahmand H., and Hosseni F. 2015. Effect of hydrogen peroxide treatment on improvement of the postharvest quality of cut Alstroemeria cut flowers. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Science, 1: 123-131.
40- Savvas D. 2003. Hydroponics: A modern technology supporting the application of integrated crop management in greenhouse. Journal of food Agriculture and Environment, 1: 80-6.
41- Schmilewski G. 2008a. The role of peat in assuring the quality of growing media. Mires and Peat, 3: 8.
42- Shabani T., Peyvast G.H., and Olfati J. 2011. Effect of different substrates on quantitative and qualitative traits of three pepper cultivars in soilless culture. Journal Science and Technology of Greenhouse Culture, 2: 11–21.
43- Shahbazi M., Chamani E., Shahbazi M., Mostafavi M., Pourbeirami EHir Y. 2010. Investigation of Media (Vermicompost, Peat and Coco- Peat) on Growth and Flowering of Carnation Flower. Agricultural Science and Sustainable Production, 22: 127-136.
44- Soumare M., Tack F., and Verloo M. 2003. Effects of a municipal solid waste compost and mineral fertilization on plant growth in two tropical agricultural soils of Mali. Bioresource technology, 86: 15-20.
45- Stabnikova O., Goh W.K., Ding H.B., Tay J.H., and Wang J.Y. 2005. The use of sewage sludge and horticultural waste to develop artificial soil for plant cultivation in Singapore. Journal of Bioresource Technology, 96: 1073–1080.
46- Tariq U., Rehma S.U., Khan M.A., Younis A., Yaseen M., and Muhammad Ahsan M. 2011. Agricultural and municipal waste as potting media components for the growth and flowering of Dahlia hortensis ‘Figaro’. Turkish Journal of Botany, 36: 378-385.
47- Venkatesan S., Hemalatha K.V., and Jayaganesh S. 2007. Characterization of manganese toxicity and its influence on nutrient uptake, antioxidant enzymes and biochemical parameters in tea. Journal of Phytochemistry, 2: 52-60.
48- Yang S.X., and Deng H. 2008. Manganese uptake and accumulation in a woody hyperaccumulator, Schima superba. Plant Soil Environment, 10: 441-446.
49- Yassen A., Abou El-Nour E.A.A., and Shedeed S. 2010. Response of wheat to foliar spray with urea and micronutrients. Journal of American Science, 6: 14-22.
50- Younis A., Riaz A., Siddique M.I., Lim K.B., Hwang Y.J., and Asif Khan M. 2013. Anatomical and morphological variation in dracaena reflexa ‘Variegata’ grown in different organic potting substrates. Flower Research Journal, 21: 162-171.
51- Zaidi A., Saghir Khan M., and Amil M.D. 2003. Interactive effect of rhizotrophic microorganisms on yield and nutrient uptake of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). European Journal of Agronomy, 19: 15-21.