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رزیتا خادمی آستانه سید جلال طباطبائی صاحبعلی بلندنظر

چکیده

سلنیوم عنصری غیرفلزی است که با تأثیر بر رشد و نمو گیاهان و به خاطر حضور در سیستم های آنتی اکسیدانی یک عنصر اساسی برای سلامتی انسان و حیوان شناخته شده است. به منظور ارزیابی تأثیر غلظت های مختلف سلنیوم بر عملکرد و خصوصیات فیزیولوژیکی کلم تکمه ای (Brassica oleracea var. Gemmifera) آزمایشی با شش سطح سلنیوم (0، 2، 4، 8، 16و 32 میلی گرم در لیتر از منبع سلنات سدیم) در قالب یک طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تکرار در شرایط گلخانه ای انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که عملکرد گیاه به طور معنی داری (01/0 P≤) تحت تأثیر تیمارهای سلنیومی قرار گرفت، به طوری که با افزایش غلظت سلنیوم در محلول غذایی از 0 تا 8 میلی گرم در لیتر عملکرد و شاخص کلروفیل افزایش، نشت الکترولیت در برگ ها کاهش و سپس با افزایش غلظت سلنیوم عملکرد کاهش و نشت الکترولیت در برگ های جوان افزایش یافت. حداکثر عملکرد با افزایش 40 درصدی نسبت به شاهد در غلظت 8 میلی گرم در لیتر مشاهده شد. با افزایش سطوح سلنیوم در محلول غذائی، غلظت سلنیوم افزایش یافت و به ترتیب برگ های پیر>برگ های جوان> جوانه ها بود. نتایج نشان داد که می توان سلنیوم را حداکثر تا غلظت 8 میلی گرم در لیتر به منظور بهبود رشد گیاه به محلول های غذایی برای پرورش کلم تکمه ای اضافه نمود.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
خادمی آستانهر., طباطبائیس. ج., & بلندنظرص. (2014). تأثیر غلظت‌های مختلف سلنیوم بر عملکرد و ویژگی‌های فیزیولوژیکی کلم تکمه‌ای (Brassica oleracea var. Gemmifera). علوم باغبانی, 28(4), 535-543. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.22780
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی