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جمال جوانمردی عذرا حسن شاهیان

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی امکان استفاده از کودهای با منشاء ارگانیک در تولید میوه پپینو (Solanum muricatum Ait.) ، اثرات کاربرد کود ارگانیک Humistar (حاوی6/8 درصد اسیدهیومیک) به‌میزان 50 لیتر در هکتار و چای‌کودهای آلی گوسفندی و گاوی به‌طور جداگانه با نسبت تهیه 1:5 و 1:10 بر فیزیولوژی مرحله زایشی گیاه و برخی ویژگی‌های میوه، آزمایشی طی دو سال بصورت آزمون فاکتوریل و در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که به‌جز اثر سال زراعی و صفت مواد جامد محلول میوه، اثر متقابل چای‌کود مواد آلی و اسیدهیومیک بر صفات زایشی گیاه و ویژگی‌های کمّی و کیفی میوه پپینو معنی‌دار است. کاربرد چای‌کود گوسفندی 1:10 به‌تنهایی باعث تولید بالاترین میزان مواد جامد محلول در میوه‌ها به‌میزان 45 درصد بیشتر نسبت به تیمارهای شاهد و چای کود گاوی گردید. همین تیمار در ترکیب با اسیدهیومیک، کمترین تعداد روز لازم از انتقال نشاء تا اولین گلدهی و بیشترین درصد ماده خشک میوه (10 برابر نسبت به شاهد) را به‌دنبال داشت. اسیدهیومیک به‌تنهایی باعث بیشترین درصد تشکیل میوه به‌میزان 60 درصد (دو برابر تیمار شاهد)، زودرسی میوه (53 روز تا رسیدگی میوه)، بالاترین میزان ترکیبات فنولیک کل شامل 1/56 میلی‌گرم گالیک اسید در صد گرم بافت میوه (بیش از 50 درصد افزایش نسبت به شاهد) و افزایش اسیداسکوربیک (26/15 میلی‌گرم در صد گرم آب میوه) گردید. با توجه به نتایج بدست آمده می‌توان برای مقاصد مختلف مصرف میوه‌ها (فرآوری یا تازه‌خوری)، نسبت‌های متفاوتی از اسیدهیومیک و چای‌کود گاوی و گوسفندی را بکار برد تا کیفیت مورد نظر در محصول ایجاد گردد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
جوانمردیج., & حسن شاهیانع. (2015). تأثیر اسیدهیومیک و چای‌کود مواد آلی بر فیزیولوژی گیاهی و ویژگی‌های میوه پپینو (Solanum muricatum). علوم باغبانی, 30(1), 59-68. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v30i1.31662
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی