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میثم قائدی جشنی سید محسن موسوی نیک جاسم امینی فر

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثرات تنش خشکی وکودهای فسفر و روی بر میزان عناصر، صفات فیزیولوژیک و عملکرد اسانس بابونه آلمانی رقم گورال، آزمایش اسپیلت پلات فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در دانشگاه زابل در سال زراعی
92-1391 اجرا شد. تنش خشکی در سه سطح 75 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه (تنش ملایم)، 50 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه (تنش متوسط) و 25 درصد ظرفیت مزرعه (تنش شدید)، به عنوان عامل اصلی و سطوح کود سوپر فسفات تریپل در سه سطح صفر، 150 و 300 کیلوگرم در هکتار و سطوح کود سولفات روی در دو سطح (عدم مصرف) شاهد و 30 کیلوگرم در هکتار به عنوان عامل فرعی لحاظ شد. صفات اندازه گیری شامل: میزان پتاسیم، سدیم، روی، فسفر، کلروفیلa، کلروفیلb، نسبت کلروفیل a/b و میزان اسانس بود. نتایج حاکی از اثر معنی‌دار تنش خشکی بر میزان اسانس و دیگر صفات (به جزء میزان روی و فسفر) بود، به طوری که با افزایش تنش میزان اسانس افزایش یافت. کود فسفر نیز بر میزان سدیم، روی، فسفر و عملکرد اسانس در سطح احتمال یک درصد و بر میزان پتاسیم، کلروفیل a و کلروفیل b در سطح پنج درصد معنی‌دار بود. همچنین کود روی بر میزان فسفر، کلروفیلb و نسبت کلروفیل a/b در سطح یک درصد و بر میزان روی و عملکرد اسانس در سطح پنج درصد معنی دار بود. کاربرد کود فسفر تا میزان 150 کیلوگرم و کود روی به میزان 30 کیلوگرم در هکتار باعث افزایش میزان صفات فیزیولوژیک و عملکرد اسانس شد. بنابراین با توجه به نتایج این آزمایش به نظر می‌رسد که آبیاری بر اساس50 درصد ظرفیت زراعی با مصرف 150 کیلوگرم کود فسفر و 30 کیلوگرم کود روی در هکتار، می‌تواند باعث بهبود عملکرد اسانس بابونه آلمانی گردد.

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ارجاع به مقاله
قائدی جشنیم., موسوی نیکس. م., & امینی فرج. (2015). نقش تنش خشکی و کودهای فسفر و روی بر میزان عناصر و عملکرد اسانس بابونه آلمانی. علوم باغبانی, 29(4), 642-651. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v29i4.35762
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی