##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

مارال اعتصامی فائزه تاج‎پور مینا خسروی عباس بیابانی

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تاثیر مقادیر مختلف کودهای دامی بر رشد و عملکرد گیاه تربچه، آزمایشی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 11 تیمار و 4 تکرار در اسفند ماه1391 در گلخانه دانشگاه گنبد کاووس انجام شد. تیمارهای مورد مطالعه شامل شاهد (خاک زراعی)‌‌، 100 درصد کود گاوی، 75 درصد کود گاوی+ 25 درصد خاک، 50 درصد کود گاوی+ 50 درصد خاک، 25 درصد کود گاوی+ 75 درصد خاک، 100 درصد کود گوسفندی، 75 درصد کود گوسفندی+ 25 درصد خاک، 50 درصد کود گوسفندی+ 50 درصد خاک، 25 درصد کود گوسفندی+ 75 درصد خاک، 50 درصد کود مرغی+ 50 درصد خاک، 25 درصد کود مرغی+ 75 درصد خاک بودند. ارتفاع بوته، طول برگ، طول غده، قطر غده، وزن غده، وزن تر برگ، وزن خشک برگ‌ها و درجه پوکی غده‌ها مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان می‌دهد که صفات اندازه گیری شده در آزمایش به طور معنی‌داری تحت تاثیر اعمال تیمار قرار گرفتند. بذرهای کاشته شده در تیمارهای 75 و 100 درصد کود مرغی جوانه نزدند. در میان تیمارهای اعمال شده، بیشترین وزن غده، وزن خشک برگ، رشد طولی برگ، قطر و ارتفاع تربچه در تیمار 100 درصد کود گاوی و کمترین مقدار این صفات در تیمار 50 درصد کود مرغی (50 درصد کود مرغی+ 50 درصد خاک) مشاهده شد. مطلوب‌ترین حالت برای به‌دست آوردن عملکرد مناسب همراه با کیفیت خوب (درجه پوکی پائین) غده در این آزمایش استفاده از تیمار 100 درصد کود گاوی بود.

جزئیات مقاله

مراجع
1- Abdel- Sabour M.P., Abo- Seoud M.A. 1996. Effects of organic waste compost Addition on sesames growth yield andchemical composition. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 60 (2-3): 157- 164.
2- Akhtari A., Moaz Ardalan M., Tavasoli A., Baybourdi A. 2012. Effect of different amounts of nitrogen on quantity and quality of radish. (Raphanus sativus L.). Journal of Agronomy and Pant Breeding, 8 (1): 15-23. (in Persian)
3- Allievi L., Marchesini M., Salardi C., Piano V., and Ferrari A. 1993. Plant quality and soil residual fertility six year after compost treatment. Agric. Technology, 85-89.
4- Bahl G.S., and Toor G. S. 2002. Influence of poultry manure on phosphorus availability and the standard phosphate requirement of crop estimate of crop estimate from quantity- intensity relationships in different soils bioresource. 85:317-322.
5- Banayan M., Rahmati M., Ghani A., Ghavidel H. 2010. Quantities and qualities analyze of two native and market radish variety in response to planting rate. Iranian Agronomy Research Journal, 8 (6): 1002- 1011. (in Persian with English abstract)
6- Baybourdi A., Malakouti M.J. 2007. Study effect of different amount manure (manure, compost and vermicompost) on quantify and quality of red onion in two region Bonab and Khosroshahr. Journal of Water and Soil, 21(1): 33-43. (in Persian with English abstract).
7- Bulluck L.R., Brosius M., Evanilo G.K., and Ristaino J.B. 2002. Organic and synthetic fertility amendments influence soil microbial physical and chemical properties on organic and conventional farm. 19: 147-160.
8- Edje O.T., and Osiru D.S.O. 1988. Methods for determining leaf area in some crop plants. Cassava based cropping systems research. p. 23-27.16-19. November. International Institute of tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria.
9- Fallah S., Ghalavand A., Khajepour M. R. 1997. Effect of composition way of manre with soil and chemical fertilizer on yield and yield components of sorghum in Khoramabbad. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 4 (2): 233- 242. (in Persian).
10- George R.A.T., and Evans D.R. 1981. A classification of winter radish cultivars. Euphytica, 30: 483-492.
11- Hashemabadi D., kashi A. 2004. Study impact of different level of nitrogen fertilizer and poultry manure on quantities and qualities traits of cucumber. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 8 (2): 25-33. (in Persian).
12- Ijoyah M.O. 2007. Effects of different levels of decomposed poultry manure on yield of muskmelon at amuseBoileau, Seychelles. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6(16):1882-1884.
13- Kaur, T., Brar, B.S., and Dhillon N.S. 2008. Soil organic matter dynamics as affected by long term use of organic and inorganic fertilizers under maize – wheat cropping system .Nutr .Cycl. Agroecosyst, 81: 59–69.
14- Khalouii M., VakiliShahrebabaki M.A., Kadouri M.R. 2011. Investigation of organic manure (poultry, cow and sheep) on flower yield and components of rose (Rosa damascene mill (in Kerman. 7-8 July. First national conference of new conversation in agriculture. Islamic Azad University, Saveh. (in Persian).
15- Kumar A.S., Prasad T.N. 1996. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on growth, yield loin content nitrogen uptake. Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology, 15: 1-3.
16- Malakouti M.H. 1994. Dry land soil fertility: problems and solutions. Tehran University Publication, 722 p. (in Persian).
17- Mureithi J.G., Tayler R.S., and Thorpe W. 1996. Effect of the application of dairy cattle slurry and intercropping with cowpea on the performance of maize in coastal lowland Kenya, African Crop Science journal. 4: 315-324.
18- Norman Q., and Arancon C. 2006. Effects of holmic acids from vermicomposts on plant growth. European Journal of Soil Biology, 42:65-69.
19- Peyvast G.A. 2001.vegtable garden. Agricultural Science Publication.(in Persian).
20- Pourazizi M., Fallah S., and Iranipour R. 2013. Effect of different N sources and rates on dry matter and uptake of primary macronutrients in forage sorghum. Electronic Journal of Crop Production, 6 (2): 185-202. (in Persian with English abstract).
21- Rezvani-Moghaddam P., Mohammad-Abadi A.A., and Sabori A. 2006. Effect of different animal manure on flower yield and qualitative and quantitative characteristics of forage production of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) in Mashhad conditions. Acta Horticulture, 739: 159-163.
22- Shafii Zargar A. 1996. Study of green cucumber from organic and mineral material in fall planting. MsThesis, Tehran Tarbiat Modaress University. (in Persian with English abstract).
23- Sharifi Ashourabad A. 2009. Study the impact of soil fertility in crop ecosystems. Agronomy PhD thesis. Islamic Azad University. Science and Research Branch. 252 p. (In Persian with English abstract).
24- Sharply A.N., Mcdowell R., and Kleinman P.J.A. 2004. Amounts, forms, and solubility of phosphorus in soils receiving manure, 68: 2048-2057
25- Sharply M., and Henning A.M. 1969. Experimental with different placement of fertilizer for barely and rapeseed. Soil Science, 49: 79-88.
26- Sifola, M.I., and Barbieri G. 2006 .Growth, yield and essential oil content of three cultivars of basil grown under different levels of nitrogen in the field .Science of Horticulture 108: 408–413.
27- Sunassee S. 2001. Use of litter for vegetable production. Amas 2001 food and agricultural research council, Reduit. Mauritius, 259- 263.
28- Tahami Zarandi M.K., Rezvani Moghadam P., Jahan M. 2010. Comparision of manure and chemical fertilizer effect on yield and extract percentage in basil (Ocimum basilicum). Journal of Agro ecology, 1(2): 70 -82. (In Persian with English abstract).
29- Zarinkafsh M. 1992. Soil fertility and production. Tehran University Publication, (In Persian).
ارجاع به مقاله
اعتصامی م., تاج‎پور ف., خسروی م., & بیابانی ع. (2015). تأثیر مخلوط کودهای آلی بر رشد و عملکرد گیاه تربچه (Raphanus sativus L.). علوم باغبانی, 29(2), 296-301. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.35833
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

مقالات بیشتر خوانده شده از همین نویسنده