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زینب آقاخانی مجید عزیزی حسین آرویی

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر بیوفسفر و سطوح مختلف اسید هیومیک بر برخی خصوصیات کمی و کیفی گل مغربیآزمایشیبه صورت فاکتوریلدر قالب طرح بلوک های کامل تصادفی با 8 تیمار و 3 تکراردر مزرعه آموزشی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل 4 سطح اسید هیومیک (صفر، 1، 3 و 5 میلی‌لیتر در لیتر) و دو سطح بیوفسفر (کاربرد و عدم کاربرد) بودند. نتایج بدست آمده نشانداد بیشترین ارتفاع گیاه (59/85 سانتیمتر)، تعداد بذر کپسول های ساقه اصلی (17/251) و درصد روغن (75/21درصد) در اثر متقابل بین سطح 5 میلی‌لیتر بر لیتر و بدون کاربرد بیوفسفر و عملکرد بذر (1080کیلوگرم در هکتار) و عملکرد روغن (227 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در اثر متقابل بین سطح 3 میلی‌لیتر بر لیتر و بدون کاربرد بیوفسفر به دست آمد. اثر ساده اسید هیومیک نیز بر بهبود برخی از صفات گل مغربی اثر معنی داری داشت، به طوری‌که بیشترین میزان تعداد شاخه جانبی (8/26) و تعداد کپسول ساقه اصلی (35/117) در سطح 5 میلی‌لیتر بر لیتر با تیمار اسید هیومیک به دست آمد. بیوفسفر نیز بر افزایش تعداد شاخه جانبی تاثیر معنی داری داشت. استفاده از این کود به تنهایی و بدون کاربرد اسید هیومیک بالاترین میزان کپسول شاخه های جانبی را تولید کرد. کاربرد بیوفسفر بر درصد روغن افزایش معنی داری نداشت و عملکرد روغن با کاربرد این کود در سطح صفر و 1 اسیدهیومیک نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت و در سطح 3 و 5 میلی‌لیتر در لیتر اسید هیومیک تفاوت معنی داری نسبت به شاهد نداشت. از میان سطوح مختلف اسید هیومیک سطح 3 و 5 میلی‌لیتر در لیتر نتایج بهتری بر روی صفات اندازه گیری شده داشتند و به جز درصد و عملکرد روغن در اثر متقابل با بیوفسفر دارای اثرات بهتری بودند.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
آقاخانی ز., عزیزی م., & آرویی ح. (2017). ارزیابی اثر بیوفسفر و اسیدهیومیک بر برخی خصوصیات رشدی و میزان روغن بذر گل مغربی. علوم باغبانی, 31(2), 246-256. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.37779
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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