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طاهره بهرامی وحید روحی عبدالرحمان محمد خانی سعید ریزی

چکیده

بام‌ سبز یکی از پدیده‌های نو در معماری و شهرسازی و برخاسته از مفاهیم توسعه‌ی پایدار است که از آن می‌توان به منظور افزایش سرانه فضای سبز، ارتقای کیفیت محیط‌زیست و کاهش مصرف انرژی بهره برد. به منظور بررسی اثر برخی از بسترهای کشت بر میزان مصرف آب و ویژگی‌های رویشی و زایشی گیاه گازانیا (Gazania hybrida) در بام سبز از نوع گسترده آزمایشی به صورت فاکتوریل در بستر کاشت پایه (کوکوپیت 15، پرلیت 15، خاک‌برگ 10، کود دامی پوسیده 10، خاک زراعی 50 درصد) و با استفاده از فاکتورهای ورمی‌کمپوست (صفر، پنج و 10 درصد) و پوست برنج (صفر، هفت و 14 درصد) در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با 9 تیمار و 3 تکرار در سال 1393 به اجرا در آمد. صفات مورد بررسی شامل تعداد گل، متوسط گلدهی در روز، قطر گل، قطر ساقه، ارتفاع ساقه، طول و عرض بوته، تعداد گیاهچه، حجم ریشه، میزان کلروفیل، میزان مصرف آب و وزن بسترهای کاشت بود. نتایج نشان داد که تیمار ورمی‌کمپوست تاثیر معنی‌داری بر تعداد گل، قطر گل و ارتفاع ساقه داشته است در حالی که این تاثیر بر قطر ساقه مشاهده نشد. هم‌چنین در بیش‌تر صفات مورد بررسی اختلاف معنی‌داری بین تیمارهای اعمال شده و تیمار شاهد وجود داشت. از آنجایی که ورمی‌کمپوست به همراه پوست برنج باعث افزایش گلدهی و کاهش میزان مصرف آب گردید، بنابراین کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست و پوست برنج به عنوان بستر کشت در بام های سبز توصیه می‌شود.

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ارجاع به مقاله
بهرامی ط., روحی و., محمد خانی ع., & ریزی س. (2016). اثر بسترهای کشت بر مصرف آب و ویژگی‌های گل گازانیا (Gazania hybrida) در بام سبز. علوم باغبانی, 30(3), 508-519. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v30i3.46966
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی