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علی اکبر شکوهیان علی اصغری هادی محمودی

چکیده

بررسی کاربرد اسید هیومیک بر جذب عناصر غذایی و شاخص­های کمی و کیفی کیوی فروت در طی سال­های 94-95 در شهرستان تالش استان گیلان در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با 7 سطح کاربرد برگی و خاکی هیومیک­اسید در غلظت­های شاهد، 2، 4، 6 کیلوگرم در هکتار در چهار تکرار انجام شد. در این پژوهش شاخص­های جذب عناصر غدایی (ازت، پتاسیم، فسفر، کلسیم، روی، منیزیم، منگنز، مس و آهن) و صفات کمی و کیفی میوه (عملکرد، سفتی، ویتامین ث، مواد جامد محلول میوه و سطح برگ و میزان کلروفیل برگ) مورد اندازه­گیری قرار گرفتند. نتایج حاصل از تجزیه واریانس داده­ها نشان داد که غلظت­های مختلف اسیدهیومیک بر روی شاخص­های مورد اندازه­گیری به جز سفتی میوه در سطح احتمال 1­ درصد از نظر آماری تاثیر معنی­داری داشتند. بر اساس نتایج به­دست آمده از این تحقیق، کاربرد اسیدهیومیک باعث افزایش جذب عناصر غذایی و بهبود کمی و کیفی میوه در کیوی شد. مقایسه میانگین داده­ها نشان داد که بیشترین مقدار در شاخص­های جذب عناصر غدایی ازت، فسفر و کلسیم از تیمار 4 کیلوگرم و عناصر پتاسیم، منگنز و آهن از تیمار 6 کیلوگرم و عنصر منیزیم در تیمار 2 کیلوگرم در هکتار اسیدهیومیک بصورت مصرف خاکی حاصل شد. بررسی داده‌ها نشان داد که عناصر روی و مس در تیمار محلول‌پاشی با اسیدهیومیک به مقدار 2 و 4 کیلوگرم جذب بیشتری داشته­اند. بر اساس نتایج به دست آمده غلظت­ چهار کیلوگرم در هکتار اسیدهیومیک با روش کاربرد خاکی و برگی بیش­ترین اثر را برروی شاخص­های کمی و کیفی میوه کیوی داشتند.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

آهن, ازت, پتاسیم, عملکرد, مواد جامد محلول

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ارجاع به مقاله
شکوهیانع. ا., اصغریع., & محمودیه. (2019). بررسی کاربرد اسیدهیومیک بر جذب عناصر غذایی و شاخص‌های کمی و کیفی کیوی‌فروت. علوم باغبانی, 33(2), 247-256. https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.72526
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی