1- Abd EI- Hakim W.M. 2006. Effect of some antioxidant treatments on chemical constituents, antinutritional factors and yield of some vegetable legumes. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Minia Middle East Journal of Agricultural Research 6(3): 662-672.
2- Abd El-Aziz N.G., El-Quesni F.E.M., and Farahat M.M. 2007. Response of vegetative growth and some chemical constituents of Syngonium podophyllum L. to foliar application of thiamine, ascorbic acid and kinetin at Nubaria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(3): 301–305.
3- Abdel-Halim S.M. 1995. Effect of some vitamins as growth regulators on growth, yield and endogenous hormones of tomato plants during winter. Egyption Journal of Applied Science 10(12): 322-334.
4- Abdel-Monaim M.F. 2011. Role of riboflavin and thiamine in induced resistance against charcoal rot disease of soybean, African Journal of Biotechnology 10(53): 10842-10855.
5- Abo-Hinna M.A., and Merza T.K. 2012. Effect of organic manure, tuber weight and ascorbic acid spraying on some vegetative parameters and marketable yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown in sandy soil. Kufa Journal for Agricultural Science (4): 15-29.
6- Afroz A., Chaudhry Z., Rashid U., Khan M.R., and Ali G.M. 2010. Enhanced regeneration in explants of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) with the treatment of coconut water. African Journal Biotechnology 9(24): 3634-3644.
7- Al-Said M.A., and Kamal A.M. 2008. Effect of foliar spray with folic acid and some amino acids on flowering, yield and quality of sweet pepper. Mansoura Journal of Agricultural Science 33(10): 7403-7412.
8- Aminifard M.H., Jorkesh A., Fallahi H-R., and Alipoor K. 2018. Foliar application of thiamine stimulates the growth, yield and biochemical compounds production of Coriander and Fenugreek. Journal of Horticultural Research 26(1): 77-85.
9- Amin M.A., and Ismail M.A. 2015. Effect of indole butyric, arginine, cyanocobalamine (B12), ascorbic acid and their interactions on growth, yield and some metabolic constituents of sunflower plants. International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences 2(12): 154–162.
10- Andrew W.J., Youngkoo C., Chen X., and Pandalai S.G. 2000. Vicissitudes of a vitamin. Recent Res. Dev. Phytochem 4: 89-98.
11- Arnon A.N. 1967. Method of extraction of chlorophyll in the plants. Agronomy Journal 23: 112-121.
12- Arrigoni O., Calabrese G., De Gara L., Bitoni M., and Liso R. 1997. Correlation between changes in cell ascorbate and growth of Lupinus albus seedlings. Journal of Plant Physiology 150: 302-308.
13- Bahuguna R.N., Joshi R., Shukla A., Pandey M., and Kumar J. 2012. Thiamine primed defense provides relia-ble alternative to systemic fungicide carbendazim against sheath blight disease in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 57: 159–167.
14- Boghdady M.S. 2013. Efficiency of pyridoxine on the growth, yield, seed quality and anatomy of Egyption lupine (Lupinus termis Forssk.). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 7(1): 448-456.
15- Boubakri H., Wahab M.A., Chong J., Bertsch C., Mliki A., and Soustre-Gacougnolle I. 2012. Thiamine induced resistance to Plasmopara viticola in grapevine and elicited host–defense responses, including HR like-cell death. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 57: 120–133.
16- Burguieres E., McCue P., Kwon Y., and Shetty K. 2007. Effect of vitamin C and folic acid on seed vigour response and phenolic-linked antioxidant activity. Bioresearch Technology 98: 1393-1404.
17- Chen J., and Xiong L. 2005. Pyridoxine is required for post-embryonic root development and tolerance to osmotic and oxidative stresses. Plant Journal 44(3): 396-408.
18- Di Salvo M.L., Contestabile R., and Safo M.K. 2011. Vitamin B6 salvage enzyme: Mechanism, structure and regulation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta1814: 1597-1608.
19- Dhonukshe-Rutten R.A.M., De Vries J.H.M., Bree A., De van der Put N., Van Staveren W.A., and De Groot L.C. 2007. Dietary intake and status of folate and vitamin B12 and their association with homocysteine and cardiovascular disease in European populations. European Food Research and Technology 63(1): 18–30.
20- El-Ghamriny E.A., Arisha H.M., and Kamel A.E. 2005. Effect of foliar spray with B-vitamins (B1, B6 and B12) on growth and seed yield of cowpea plants. Zagazig Journal of Agricultural Research 32(6): 1767-1783.
21- Emam M.M., El-Sweify A.H., and Helal N.M. 2011. Efficiencies of some vitamins in improving yield and quality of flax plant. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6(18): 4362-4369.
22- Esfandiari E., Enayati W., Sabaghniam N., and Janmohammadi M. 2012. Effects of folic acid on seed germination properties and seedling growth. Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3(11): 185-193.
23- Fallahi H.R., Aminifard M.H., and Jorkesh A. 2018. Effects of thiamine spraying on biochemical and morphologi-cal traits of basil plants under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Horticulture and Postharvest Research 1(1): 27–36.
24- FAO (2019). FAOSTAT, agricultural database. http:// apps. Fao. Org.
25- Farouk S., Youssef S.A., and Ali A.A. 2012. Exploitation of biostimulants and vitamins as an alternative strat-egy to control early blight of tomato plants. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 11(1): 36–43.
26- Ghorbani D.A., Mashayekhi K., and Kamar B. 2015. Effect of foliar application sucrose, boron, potassium nitrate and salicylic acid on yield and yield components of tomato var. Super A. Research in Crop Ecosystems 2(1): 43-52.
27- Haghighi M., and Mozafarian M. 2015. Application of amino acid on growth and yield of greenhouse tomato and pepper. Journal of Vegetable Science 1: 59-64. (In Persian)
28- Hamada A.M., and Khulaef E.M. 2000. Simulative effects of ascorbic acid, thiamin or pyridoxine on Vicia faba growth and some related metabolic activities. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 3(8): 1330–1332.
29- Hannan M.M., Ahmed M.B., Razvy M.A., Karim R., Khatun M., Haydar A., Hossain M., and Roy U.K. 2007. Heterosis and correlation of yield and yield components in tomato (Lycopersicon esulentum Mill.). Amer-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 2(2): 146-150.
30- Helal F.A., Farag S.T., and El-Sayed S.A. 2005. Studies on growth, yield and its components and chemical composition under effect of vitamin C, vitamin B1, boric acid and sulphur on pea (Pisum sativum L.) plants. Mansoura University Journal of agricultural Science 30(6): 3343-3353.
31- Hendawy S.F., and Ezz El-Din A.A. 2010. Growth and yield of Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum as influenced by some vitamins and amino acids. Ozean Journal of Applied Science 3(1): 113-123.
32- Ibrahim M.F.M., Abd El-Gawad H.G., and Bondok A.M. 2015. Physiological impacts of potassium Middle East Journal of Agricultural Research 6(3): 662-672.
33- Jabrin S.S., Ravanel Gambonnet B., Douce R., and Rebeille F. 2003. One-Carbon Metabolism in Plants. Regulation of Tetrahydrofolate Synthesis during Germination and Seedling Development. Plant Physiology 131: 1431-1439.
34- Khan M., Khan N.A., and Saminllah M.M. 2001. Response of mustard and wheat to pre-sowing seed treatment with pyridoxine and basal level of calcium. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 6(3): 300-305.
35- Li D., Li L., Luo Z., Mou W., Mao L., and Ying T. 2015. Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals the influence of abscisic acid on the metabolism of pigments, ascorbic acid and folic acid during strawberry fruit ripening. PLos One 10(6): 1-15.
36- Lone N.A., Khan N.A., Hayat S., Azam Z.M., and Samiullah M.M. 1999. Evaluation of effect some B-vitamins on root development of mustard. Annals of Applied Biology 134: 30-37.
37- Mady M.A. 2009. Effect of foliar application with salicylic acid and vitamin E on growth and productiv-ity of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill.) plant. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Mansoura University 34(6): 6735–6746.
38- Mahmoud M.M. 2014. Response of soybean plants to exogenously apply with ascorbic acid, zinc sulphate and paclobutrazol. Report and Opinion 6(11): 17-25.
39- Martinis J., Gas-Pascual E., Szydlowski N., Crèvecoeur M., Gisler A., Bürkle L., and Fitzpatrick T.B. 2016. Long-distance transport of thiamine (vitamin B1) is concomitant with that of polyamines. Plant Physiology 171: 542–553.
40- Mazumdar B.C. 2003. Methodes on Physico-Chemical Analysis of Fruit. Daya Publishing House, Delhi.
41- Mostofi Y., and Najafi F. 2006. Laboratory Manual of Analytical Techniques in Horticulture. 1st Edition. Tehran University Press, 136 pp.
42- Munne-Bosch S., and Alegre L. 2002. The function of tocopherols and tocotrienols in plants. Critical Reviwes in Plant Sciences 21: 31-57.
43- Nassar R.M.A., Arafa S., and Farouk S. 2017. Effect of foliar spray with pyridoxine on growth, anatomy, photosynthetic pigments, yield characters and biochemical constituents of seed oil of sesame plant (Sesamum indicum L.). Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences 7(1): 80-91.
44- Navarro R.M., Retamosa M.J., Lopez J., Campo A.D., Ceaceros C., and Salmoral L. 2006. Nursery practices and field performance for the endangered Mediterranean species Abies pinsapo Boiss. Ecological Engineering 27(2): 93-99.
45- Poudineh Z., Moghadam Z.G., and Mirshekari S. 2015. Effects of humic acid and folic acid on sunflower under drought stress. Biological Forum – An International Journal 7(1): 451-454.
46- Rapala-Kozik M., Wolak N., Kujda M., Banas A.K. 2012. The upregulation of thiamine (vitamin B1) biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings under salt and osmotic stress conditions is mediated by abscisic acid at the early stages of this stress response. Plant Biology 12(2): 14 p.
47- Raschke M., Burkle L., Muller N., Nunes-Nesi A., Fernie A.R., and Arigoni D. 2007. Vitamin B1 biosynthesis in plant requires the essential iron-sulfur cluster protein, THIC. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104: 19637-19642.
48- Reda F., Abdel-Rahim E.A., El-Baroty G.S.A., and Ayad H.S. 2005. Response of essential oils, phenolic components and polyphenol oxidase activity of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) to some bioregula-tors and vitamins. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 7(5): 735-739.
49- Ristila M., Strid H., Eriksson L.A., Strid A., and Savenstrand H. 2011. The role of the pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) biosynthesis enzyme PDXL in ultraviolet-B radiation responses in plants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 49: 284-292.
50- Sadasivam S., and Manickam A. 1992. Biochemical methods for agricultural sciences. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Dehli.
51- Sayed S.A., and Gadallah M.A.A. 2002. Effects of shoot and root application of thiamin on salt-stressed sun-flower plants. Plant Growth Regulation 36(1): 71-80.
52- Shabana A., Hoda A., Shafeek M.R., and Abd El-Al F.S. 2015. Improving productivity of tomato crop grown under high temperature condition using some safe and natural substances. Middle East Journal of Agricultural Research 4(1): 20-26.
53- Shalaby T.A., and El-Ramady H. 2014. Effect of foliar application of bio-stimulants on growth, yield, yield components and storability of garlic (Allium sativum L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science 8(2): 271-275.
54- Singleton V.L., and Rossi J.A. 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphormolybdic- phosphotungstic acid reagents. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 16: 144-158.
55- Stakhova L.N., Stakhov L.F., and Ladygin V.G. 2000. Effects of exogenous folic acid on the yield and amino acid content of the seed of Pisum sativum L. and Hordeum vulgare L. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 36(1): 98-103.
56- Sweeney J.P., Chapman V.J., and Hepner P.A. 1970. Sugar, acids, and flavor in fresh fruit. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 57: 432-435.
57- Tunc-Ozdemir M., Miller G., Song L., Kim J., Sodek A., and Koussevitzky S. 2009. Thiamin confers enhanced tolerance to oxidative stress in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 151: 421-432.
58- Youssif S.B.D. 2017. Response of potatoes to foliar spray with cobalamin, folic acid and ascorbic acid under North Sinai conditions. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research 6(3): 662-672.
59- Wang F., Kang S., Du T., Li F., and Qiu R. 2011. Determination of comprehensive quality index for tomato and its response to different irrigation treatments. Agricultural Water Management 98(8): 1228-1238.