تأثیر محلول‌پاشی برگی منابع مختلف کلسیم بر کیفیت و ویژگی‌های آنتی‌اکسیدانی کلم گل رقم رومانسکو (Brassica oleracea cv. botrytis Romanesco)

نوع مقاله : مقالات پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

10.22067/jhs.2021.70150.1047

چکیده

به‌منظور ارزیابی تاثیر منابع مختلف کلسیم بر خواص آنتی‌اکسیدانی و کیفیت کلم‌گل رقم رومانسکو، آزمایشی به صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار، در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زنجان در سال 1397 انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی، محلول‌پاشی برگی منابع مختلف کلسیم شامل کلرید کلسیم (3/0، 6/0 و 9/0 درصد)، لاکتات کلسیم (5/0، 1 و 5/1 گرم در لیتر) و نیترات کلسیم (5/0، 1، 5/1 درصد) و محلول‌پاشی با آب مقطر به عنوان شاهد بود. نتایج نشان داد که محلول‌پاشی برگی کلسیم، مقدار پتاسیم را به‌طور معنی‌داری افزایش و فسفر را کاهش داد و بیشترین مقدار پتاسیم (6/5 میکروگرم بر گرم ماده خشک) در گیاهان تیمار شده کلرید با کلسیم 9/0 درصد حاصل شد. بیشترین میزان فلاونوئید (86/0 و 85/0 میلی‌گرم در 100 گرم وزن تر) به ترتیب در گیاهان تیمار شده با لاکتات کلسیم 5/1 گرم در لیتر و کلرید کلسیم 9/0 درصد به دست آمد. محلول‌پاشی برگی نیترات کلسیم 5/1 درصد و کلرید کلسیم 9/0 درصد، محتوای ویتامین ث را به ترتیب 3/49 درصد و 4/40 درصد در مقایسه با شاهد افزایش دادند. کاربرد کلسیم با افزایش مقدار ویتامین ث، فنل و فلاونوئید کل، ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی کلم‌گل را بهبود بخشید. کاربرد ترکیبات کلسیمی محتوای مواد جامد محلول کل و اسید قابل تیتراسیون را افزایش دادند به‌طوری که بیشترین مقدار مواد جامد محلول (5/12 درصد بریکس) و اسید قابل تیتراسیون (84/28 درصد) در تیمار کلرید کلسیم 9/0 درصد حاصل شد. بنابراین با توجه به نتایج حاصل، کاربرد نیترات کلسیم 5/1 درصد، کلرید کلسیم 9/0 درصد و لاکتات کلسیم 5/1 گرم در لیتر جهت بهبود خواص آنتی‌اکسیدانی و کیفیت کلم‌گل پیشنهاد می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Foliar Spray of Different Calcium Sources on Antioxidant properties and Quality of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea cv. botrytis Romanesco).

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Najafi
  • Taher Barzegar
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction Cauliflower is one of the world’s most important vegetable crops. The edible head of the cauliflower is called curd, which is composed of many florets formed of aborted floral meristems. Curd has various components with high nutritional value including glucosinolates, vitamin A and C, phenolic compounds, and carotenoids, which exert beneficial effects on our health. Calcium is an essential macronutrient that plays a vital role in maintains cell wall stability, integrity and determining the fruit quality. Several researches have explored the effects of calcium salts on plant growth and quality in many horticulture crops. Various studies indicate that Ca2+ reduced peroxidation of lipid, increased activity of antioxidant enzyme and improve osmotic adjustment of cell membranes. Plant roots absorb calcium from the soil solution in the form of Ca2+ ions. The mobility of calcium in plant is low, and the root uptake from fertilized soils is poorly effective in increasing the calcium content in leaves and fruits. Deficiency of Ca will appear in younger leaves and in fruits, due to its low rate of transpiration. Thence, it is necessary to have a constant supply of calcium to continue growing. The direct application of liquid source of calcium on leaves and fruits may offer an alternative solution. The efficiency of foliar application with Ca depends on the source of Ca and applied dosage. To our knowledge, however, little information is available regarding the effect of different calcium sources on cauliflower. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of foliar spray of calcium sources on quality and antioxidant properties of cauliflower cv. Romansco.
Material and Methods In order to evaluate the effect of different sources of calcium on antioxidant properties and quality of cauliflower cv. Romansco, the field experiment was carried out as a randomized complete block design with three replication during 2018 at Research farm of faculty of Agriculture, at the University of Zanjan, Iran. Cauliflower plants (cv. Romanesco) were cultivated by applying conventional farming practice for growing in open air conditions. Different calcium sources including calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3)2, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 %), calcium chloride (CaCl2, 0.3, 0.6 and 0.9 %) and calcium lactate ( C6H10CaO6, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 g L-1) were sprayed in vegetative stage and 10 days after curd formation for 2 times onto the leaves and curd until runoff using a mechanical mist sprayer. Distilled water was used as a control. Potassium, phosphorus, total soluble content, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid content, total phenols and flavonoids, free radical scavenging activity (DPPH) were measured. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS software package v. for Windows, and means comparison were separated by Duncan’s multiple range tests at p < 0.05.
Results and Discussions The results showed that foliar spray of different Ca sources significantly increased K content and decreased P content. The highest amount of K (5.6 µg mg-1DW) was achieved in CaCl 0.9% treatment. The highest value of flavonoids (0.86 and 0.85 %) was found in plnats treated with CaL 1.5 g L-1 and CaCl 0.9%, respectively. In this study, also it was found that foliar spray of CaN 1.5% and CaCl 0.9% increased respectively 49.3 and 40.4% vitamin C content compared to control plants. Ca application with increasing phenolic compound and vitamin C contents, improved antioxidant capacity and the maximum antioxidant capacity (26.19%) was found in CaL 1.5 g L-1 and CaN 1.5% treatments. Application of Ca sources increased TA and TSS content. The highest TSS content (12.5 and 13.3 ºB) was achievd in CaCl 0.9% and CaL 1.5 g L-1 and the maximum TA (28.8%) was found in plant treated with CaCl 0.9%. In this regard, foliar application of high level of calcium sources was more efficient than of lower levels on cauliflower quality. Therefore, the leaf application of calcium can be effective in improving the quality of vegetables, especially cauliflower.
Conclusions Study results suggest that spraying different Ca source improved auality and antioxidant properties of cauliflower cv. Romanesco, so that with the application of Ca salts increase K, vitamin C, phenol and flavonoids contents. Among the calcium treatments used, higher levels of all three salts of CaCl, CaN and CaL had the most influence, so these calcium treatments are recommended to improve the quality and antioxidant properties of Romanesco cultivar.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Potassium
  • Total soluble solids
  • vitamin C

مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده
انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 29 تیر 1400
  • تاریخ دریافت: 10 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 22 تیر 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 29 تیر 1400